[QODLink]
Africa
Zambian polls close peacefully
New president faces formidable task of improving upon economic expansion.
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2008 17:54 GMT
Banda is vowing to maintain Zambia's track record for strong economic growth [AFP]

Polls in Zambia's tightly-contested presidential election have closed.

Voting ended at 6pm (1600GMT) on Thursday without any conflict occurring as feared by some.

"Generally, things have gone well in terms of the conduct of the election," Cris Akufuna, an electoral commission spokesman, said.

Vote counting was set to begin with African and diplomatic observers in attendance.

Results are not expected until Friday at the earliest.

The general election comes almost two months after the previous president, Levy Mwanawasa, died in office following a stroke in June. 

The contest is seen as primarily a battle between Rupiah Banda, the acting president, and Michael Sata, the opposition leader, with both men seen as running neck-and-neck on the campaign trail.
 
Also running for president are Hakainde Hichilema, a business tycoon, and Godfrey Miyanda, a retired army general.

As voting got underway on Thursday the head of the Zambian army warned that violence would not be tolerated and that soldiers would be placed at polling stations to ensure a peaceful election.
 
General Isaac Shisuze ordered troops to be on alert saying there was information that some people were planning "to cause bloodshed".
 
"We will not allow them," he said, adding that the army would "deal with anybody who would try to cause violence."

Rallies
 
In wrapping up their final rallies the two leading candidates vowed to make economic progress their top goal as the global financial crisis cast a shadow over the polls.
 

Sata appealed to the poor with a promise of change and relief from high taxes [AFP]
Banda, a prominent businessman and former diplomat, promised to continue the late president's free market legacy which has made Zambia an African success story of sorts.
 
"I will continue the policies and programmes that Mwanawasa started. I will complete them and add more," he told supporters.
 
He also warned against any disruption to the electoral process, adding: "Until the election results are announced, I am still president and will not allow it."
 
Mwanawasa's business-friendly policies saw foreign investment in Zambia soar from $71.7m in 2001 to an estimated $4bn in 2008, with $1bn of that coming from China.
 
The late president won international praise for fighting corruption and modernising the economy, but had admitted failure in lifting the nation out of crushing poverty.

'Vote for change'
 
Banda's closest rival, Michael Sata, the leader of the opposition Patriotic Front, has portrayed himself as a champion of the poor with a pledge for relief from high taxes.
 
"You should vote for me so that you can liberate yourselves economically," Sata, popularly known as the "Cobra King", told a rally to chants of "we want change".
 
Sata has accused Banda's ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy of doing too little to create jobs, paying too little attention to rural farmers and pushing taxes too high.
 
Analysts say Sata's pro-poor rhetoric may be resonating, as prices for copper – the mainstay of Zambia's economy – plummet, while inflation rises and fears of interest rate hikes grow.
 
About 65 per cent of Zambia's 12 million people live on less than $1 a day.

Topics in this article
People
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Nearly half of Canadians have suffered inappropriate advances on the job - and the political arena is no exception.
Featured
Women's rights activists are demanding change after Hanna Lalango, 16, was gang-raped on a bus and left for dead.
Buried in Sweden's northern forest, Sorsele has welcomed many unaccompanied kids who help stabilise a town exodus.
A look at the changing face of North Korea, three years after the death of 'Dear Leader'.
While some fear a Muslim backlash after café killings, solidarity instead appears to be the order of the day.
Victims spared by the deadly disease are reporting blindness and other unexpected post-Ebola health issues.