[QODLink]
Africa
Profile: Idriss Deby
Chadian president is accused by rebel leaders of corruption and political oppression.
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2008 22:03 GMT

Six years after seizing control, Deby was then elected in the country's first multi-party poll in 1996 [AFP]

Idriss Deby, president of Chad, captured power in 1990 after driving out Hissene Habre, Chad's then president.
 
Today, Deby, 55, is accused by rebel leaders of governing like a dictator.
Deby became president after commanding a three-week offensive from Sudan's Darfur region to topple Habre, the man he helped to become president and lead a series of victorious battles over rebel fighters in the 1980s.
Rise to power
 
Deby's loyalty to Habre earned him the position of commander-in-chief of the Chadian army.
 
After defeating pro-Libyan forces in 1984 in Eastern Chad, Deby was removed from his post, and was later appointed as chief military adviser to the president.
 
With the increasing power of the presidential guard, a division emerged between Habre and Deby, which forced Deby to flee to Libya, and then later move to Sudan and form the Patriotic Salvation Movement (PSM).
 
The PSM was supported by Libya and Sudan, and started rebel operations against Habre in 1989.
 
Successful coup
 
Deby's troops marched into the capital of Ndjaména and took hold of the Chadian government.
 
Six years after seizing control of the government, Deby then established and won the country's first multi-party elections in 1996.
 
In 2001 he was re-elected for a second term, but rebellions against him started in 2005. Rebel groups accusing the president of being corrupt and holding unfair elections.
 
International observers said that the elections were not free and fair.
 
New elite
 
Deby was then forced to disband his presidential guard and form a new elite military force after large-scale desertions from Chad's army took place in 2004 and 2005.
 
This move weakened his position as president and encouraged the growth of armed opposition groups who said he ruled like a dictator.
 
Deby ammended the constitution so that in 2006 he could be re-elected as president for a third term.
 
Opposition parties boycotted the 2006 presidential elections.
 
Corruption
 
Accusations of corruption have continued during Deby's presidential tenure.
 
In mid-2006, the World Bank froze an oil revenue account in dispute over how Chad had spent the money.
 
The oil revenue was initially set up to be allocated to the country's health, education and infrastructure programs.
 
He has also been said to favour members of his Zagawa clan, whom he filled his government and armed forces with.
Source:
Al Jazeera and Angencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
More than one-quarter of Gaza's population has been displaced, causing a humanitarian crisis.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Featured
Families of Britons killed in 2013 siege at gas plant in Algeria frustrated by inquiry delay over 'sensitive' materials.
Rhinoceros beetles once drew 40,000 visitors each year to Tamura city, but nuclear disaster has decimated beetle mania.
In run-up to US midterm elections, backers of immigration law changes disappointed by postponement of executive action.
As China reneges on pledged free elections, Tiananmen-style democracy movement spreads out across Hong Kong.
Acquitted of murdering his girlfriend, S African double amputee athlete still has a long and bumpy legal road ahead.
join our mailing list