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Africa
Zimbabwe to introduce new currency
Central bank governor also raises lending rates to control world-record inflation.
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2007 20:02 GMT
Mugabe has prioritised changes to monetary
policy to stabilise his rule [AFP]
Zimbabwe is to introduce a new currency by the end of the year in an attempt to control the country's extreme rate of inflation, the governor of the country's central bank has said.
Gideon Gono, the Bank of Zimbabwe governor said in a statement on Monday: "It is over a year since we launched Operation Sunrise One which saw the slashing of three zeros" off the country's currency.
 
"I can confirm that Sunrise Two is coming and it is coming very soon."
Zimbabwe's world-record inflation rate of 6,592 per cent has led to shortages of commodities and mass unemployment.
 
Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe’s president, has prioritised reducing inflation, with the government imposing a price freeze three months ago to try to control spiraling prices.
 
But the move has prompted businesses to stop stocking bread, milk and other basic consumer items.
 
Business concerns
 
In his address, Gono said the central bank will impose deposit thresholds during the changeover to the new currency.
 

"Our well considered advice ... is that a fine balance should be struck between the objectives of indigenisation and the need to attract foreign investment"

Gideon Gono, Bank of Zimbabwe governor

He advised businesses and individuals to refrain from keeping large amounts of funds, or else risk losing their money due to the deposit limits imposed during the change.
 
Gono also announced the bank was increasing the main lending rate to 800 per cent from 650 per cent.
 
He predicted that inflation should decelerate in the medium term but spending before parliamentary and presidential elections in 2008 would put extra pressure on the rate of inflation.
 
"The threat of continued inflationary pressures remains high," he said.
 
The governor expressed concern over a bill approved last week by legislators which allows Zimbabweans a majority stake in foreign-owned firms.
 
Opposition politicians have said that the new ruling could further destabilise the country's economy, while foreign-owned companies in Zimbabwe are worried they could lose control of their businesses.
 
'Noble objective'
 
"As monetary authorities we fully support the noble objective of empowering the majority of the Zimbabweans through the introduction of enabling statutes that expand wider involvement for the people in the mainstream economy," Gono said.
 
"Noble as this objective is, our well considered advice to legislators and the government in general is that a fine balance should be struck between the objectives of indigenisation and the need to attract foreign investment."
 
As Gono presented the monetary policy, Mugabe told supporters his government would seize defiant businesses over high prices.
 
Mugabe says some businesses have raised prices without justification, alleging it was part of a Western plot to destabilise the country and ultimately unseat him.
 
"We don't want to be chasing each other. We will have to seize the companies," Mugabe said.
Source:
Agencies
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