ICC issues Darfur arrest warrants
International Criminal Court wants arrest of Sudanese minister and Janjawid leader.
Last Modified: 02 May 2007 11:35 GMT
Ahmed Haroun has been cleared by a Sudanese investigation [AFP]  
The International Criminal Court has issued warrants for the arrest of a Sudanese minister and a Janjawid militia leader for war crimes committed in Darfur.
The warrants, for Ahmed Haroun, secretary of state for humanitarian affairs and a former minister for Darfur, and Ali Kosheib, are the first to be issued by the ICC over the conflict.
The warrants accuse the two of involvement in 51 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity including murder, torture and mass rape.
Mohamed Ali Al-Mardi, the Sudanese justice minister, said Khartoum would not hand over the suspects.
"We do not recognise the International Criminal Court ... and we will not hand over any Sudanese even from the rebel groups who take up weapons against the government," he said.
"Our position is clear and nothing has happened for us to change it."
Al-Mardi said they have investigated Haroun and found there was "not a speck of evidence" against him.
The Sudanese government says it has arrested Kosheib pending an internal investigation, but witnesses have said he has been freely traveling from one Darfur town to another under police protection.
'Difficult investigation'
However the case was referred to the court by a UN Security Council resolution which also called on Sudan to cooperate with the ICC.
The charges focus on a series of attacks on villages in Western Darfur in 2003 and 2004.
The court said there were "reasonable grounds" to conclude the pair were "criminally responsible" for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the ICC's prosecutor, said: "We completed an investigation under very difficult circumstances, from outside Darfur, and without exposing any of our witnesses.
"We transformed their stories into evidence, and now the judges have confirmed the strength of that evidence."
"The judges have issued arrest warrants. As the territorial state, the government of the Sudan has a legal duty to arrest Ahmed Haroun and Ali Kosheib."
"This is the International Criminal Court's decision, and the government has to respect it," he said.
The conflict in Darfur has caused 200,000 deaths and led to two million people being displaced, according to the UN.
Sudan contests the figures, saying that only 9,000 have died.
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Your chance to be an investigative journalist in Al Jazeera’s new interactive game.
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Private citizens take initiative to help 'irregular' migrants, accusing governments of excessive focus on security.
Indonesia's cassava plantations are being killed by mealybugs, and thousands of wasps have been released to stop them.
Violence in Ain al-Arab has prompted many Kurdish Syrians to flee to Turkey, but others are returning to battle ISIL.
Unelected representatives quietly iron out logistics of massive TPP and TTIP deals among US, Europe, and Asia-Pacific.
Led by students concerned for their future with 'nothing to lose', it remains to be seen who will blink first.