The Dutch parliament has overwhelmingly voted to ban face veils in some public places, a law the government said was essential for security, but which opponents said pandered to anti-Muslim sentiment.
The law, passed by the lower house but still requiring the senate's approval, bans veils and other items that hide the face such as ski masks and helmets in places including government buildings, public transport, schools and hospitals.
The motion "to ban all clothing which completely covers the face" from government buildings was approved by 132 members in the 150-seat house, including Prime Minister Mark Rutte's ruling Liberal-Labour coalition.
Violating the Dutch law would incur a fine of €405 ($430).
It does not ban wearing full-face coverings on the street, which has long been a demand of Geert Wilders' anti-Islam opposition Freedom Party (PVV), which is leading in polls ahead of elections in March.
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His election campaign appears to have been given a boost thanks to the publicity from his trial on charges of hate speech in a Dutch court over comments he made about Moroccans living in the country.
"How do we even know there's a woman under this Islamic textile?" said PVV lawmaker Machiel de Graaf.
"It might as well be a well-trained jihadist who completed his training in Raqqa of course," he said in a parliamentary debate last week.
Few women in the Netherlands wear face veils. NOS, the state broadcaster, said between 100 to 500 women in The Netherlands wear the covering, most of them occasionally.
Divided opinion in Europe
Full and partial face veils divide opinion in Europe. France and Belgium have completely banned wearing veils in public and some other European countries have local or regional restrictions.
"Everyone has the right to dress as he or she wishes," the government said in a statement announcing the law.
"That freedom is limited only where it is essential for people to see each other, for example to ensure good service or security."
The Dutch cabinet had approved the plan in mid-2015, but decided not to go as far as banning wearing veils on the street.
MP Tunahan Kuzu, who vehemently fought against the draft legislation, said freedom of expression allowed people "to be who they are and dress how they want".
"It is reprehensible to exclude these women and isolate them because of a subject anxiety among certain citizens," Kuzu said.
Source: News Agencies