Protests have erupted in Manila over Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's plans to honour the late leader Ferdinand Marcos with a state burial.

About 2,000 people gathered in heavy rain on Sunday to denounce Duterte's plans to move Marcos' remains from his northern hometown to the National Heroes' Cemetery in the capital, Manila, next month.

"Protesters are clarifying that this is not an anti-Duterte protest," said Al Jazeera's Jamela Alindogan, reporting from Manila.

Why is Rodrigo Duterte controversial?

"This has nothing to do in general with his administration.

"During his campaign, President Duterte promised that he was going to make sure that President Marcos would be buried at the Heroes' Cemetery in Manila. Now, he’s given a date, September 18.

"Here at the rally, they say they are opposing that, because they say Marcos is not a hero."

Marcos's family have kept his preserved body on display after he died in exile in 1989 following a popular revolt three years earlier, demanding that it be buried with full honours in the Heroes' Cemetery.

Marcos was elected president in 1965 and declared martial law in 1972, allowing him to rule as a dictator while he, his family and allies enriched themselves through massive corruption and his troops stamped out dissent.

But Duterte, who has styled himself as an anti-corruption crusader, defended Marcos, noting that his father had served in the Marcos cabinet and he himself had even voted for Marcos before.

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Duterte has previously said that he won the May 9 elections partly with the support of the Marcos family, who remain influential in their bailiwick in the northern Philippines.

A small protest was also staged by human rights victims outside Duterte's southern hometown of Davao city, where candles and flowers were placed outside the city hall, television reports said.

The protests on Sunday were joined by Marcos-era victims of torture and imprisonment as well as relatives of victims of extrajudicial killings, which historians say claimed thousands of lives.

Protesters shed tears during the three-hour protest and organisers launched a signature campaign to try to reverse Duterte's decision.

Marcos was elected president in 1965 and declared martial law in 1972 [Romeo Ranoco/Reuters]

Ricardo Jose, a University of the Philippines professor, alleged that to win war medals for bravery, Marcos faked his service record in the anti-Japanese resistance when Japan occupied the country in World War II.

"There are World War II heroes buried there who sacrificed their lives ... But here's one guy who distorted things in his favour," Jose told AFP at the rally.

Martin Andanar, Duterte's spokesman, said on Sunday that while the leader allowed protests against the burial plan, he "remains firm" it will be carried out.

Source: Al Jazeera and agencies