UN: Up to 90,000 civilians inside ISIL-held Fallujah

Civilians who escaped ISIL stronghold near Baghdad tell UN there may be thousands more inside the besieged city.

    UN: Up to 90,000 civilians inside ISIL-held Fallujah
    Displaced families wait to cross the Euphrates after their arrival in Amiriyat southwest of Fallujah [Nawras Aamer/EPA]

    The United Nations has significantly revised the number of civilians believed to still be inside the besieged Iraqi town of Fallujah, a stronghold of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, or ISIS), to up to 90,000 - compared with a previous estimate of 50,000.

    The offensive by the Iraqi army, backed by Shia militias, to dislodge ISIL from Fallujah began on May 23, but the city has been under a de facto siege for about six months.

    In a telephone interview with the Reuters news agency in Baghdad, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq Lise Grande said on Wednesday that civilians could face a "harrowing" situation in the city 50km west of the Iraqi capital.

    "We have underestimated how many civilians are in Fallujah," Grande said.

    "People who are coming out are giving us the strong impression that we could be talking about maybe 80,000 to 90,000 civilians that are inside."

    Thousands of civilians are caught in the crossfire in and around Fallujah, close to the capital Baghdad, as government forces and allied militias are trying to recapture the city. 


    READ MORE: Will Fallujah put an end to ISIL in Iraq?


    Grande said that more than 20,000 people have managed to flee the city in extremely difficult conditions, having walked for days and faced ISIL fire to reach government-held areas.

    "A number of them unfortunately didn't make it. We know that more than 10 people have drowned when they tried to cross the river," she said, also reporting cases where families lost their children while fleeing.

    People fleeing Fallujah have been using anything that floats to help them get across the Euphrates, which is about 250 to 300 metres wide at the crossing point in farmland just south of the city.

    Fleeing Fallujah

    The UN's upward revision came a day after an international aid group told Al Jazeera that civilians fleeing the city of Fallujah had been shot at by ISIL fighters holed up in the besieged city.

    Nasr Muflahi, country director of the Norwegian Refugee Council, confirmed several such incidents based on testimonies from civilians who were directly targeted by ISIL gunmen on Sunday.

    Also on Tuesday, the UN human rights chief said there were "extremely distressing, credible reports" that Iraqis fleeing the fighting in Fallujah were facing extreme abuse, and even death, at the hands of Shia armed groups allied with the government troops.

    Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, citing witness testimonies, said on Tuesday that allegations of abuse included reports of multiple executions of men and boys, who were trying to escape the ISIL-held city.

    "Eyewitnesses have described how armed groups operating in support of the Iraqi security forces are detaining the males for 'security screening'," Zeid said.

    "[This] in some cases degenerates into physical violations and other forms of abuse, apparently in order to elicit forced confessions."

    Iraqi forces surround Fallujah as they push to drive out ISIL

    SOURCE: Reuters And Al Jazeera


    YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

    The woman who cleans up after 'lonely deaths' in Japan

    The woman who cleans up after 'lonely deaths' in Japan

    When somebody dies lonely and alone, Miyu Kojima steps in to clean their home and organise the mementos of their life.

    Putin and the 'triumph of Christianity' in Russia

    Putin and the 'triumph of Christianity' in Russia

    The rise of the Orthodox Church in Russia appears unstoppable, write filmmakers Glen Ellis and Viktoryia Kolchyna who went to investigate the close ties between the church and Putin.

    The chill effect: Is India's media running scared?

    The chill effect: Is India's media running scared?

    Much of India's media spurns a scoop about the son of PM Modi's right-hand man. Plus, NFL as platform for race politics.