Battles intensified on Wednesday northeast of Yemen's capital as forces loyal to the president backed by Arab coalition air strikes killed more than 40 Houthi fighters.

Days of clashes continued as the Houthi rebels and their allies who control Sanaa were on the defensive about 60km from the capital in the Fardhat Nehim area, pro-government sources told Al Jazeera.

Fardhat Nehim is a strategic region leading to the Sanaa, and government forces continue to capture villages after making territorial gains since last week.  

Dozens of rebels and six government forces were killed in fighting overnight on Wednesday. Yemen's army also captured 30 Houthis in Fardhat Nehim, where the rebels have a base, and troops were surrounding the fighters' camp.

 Yemen faces humanitarian crisis

Five civilians were also killed when artillery shells hit residential areas, the Associated Press news agency quoted tribal elders as saying. 

Yemen has been torn apart by conflict since 2014, when Houthi rebels, allied with troops loyal to a former president, captured large swaths of the country, including Sanaa.

The coalition assembled by Saudi Arabia coalition launched an air campaign against the rebels in March 2015. Since then, more than 5,800 people have been killed.

A spokesperson for the coalition said that Yemeni rebels and their allies have killed or wounded 375 civilians in Saudi border regions since last March.

Brigadier General Ahmed al-Assiri told AFP news agency that "375 [civilians] were killed and injured", including 63 children.

More than 80 percent of Yemenis are in dire need of food, water and other aid, according to the United Nations.

In the southern port city of Aden, fighting erupted on Tuesday night between government forces and al-Qaeda fighters after authorities set up roadblocks as part of a security plan.

In Taiz, Yemen's third-largest city, which is under a Houthi siege, artillery strikes killed three civilians and wounded 14 others as fighting broke out, officials told AP.

Air strikes also hit around the capital, at one point setting a weapons depot ablaze for several hours.

 Yemeni forces regain strategic town from Houthis

Source: Al Jazeera and agencies