Ebola infections in West Africa going down

World Health Organisation says it is now shifting efforts from slowing spread of virus to stamping it out.

    Weekly Ebola infections in West Africa have dropped to below 100 for the first time in more than six months, figures showed, raising hopes the worst-ever outbreak of the virus is coming to an end.

    The World Health Organisation said it had now shifted its efforts in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone - the countries worst hit by the epidemic - from slowing the spread to stamping it out completely.

    The organisation, which said earlier this week that the UN agency had been caught napping on Ebola, insisted the epidemic had not yet been contained.

    David Nabarro, the UN's Ebola coordinator, said: "The number of cases is decreasing week by week and getting to zero in many places ... but we still see occasional flare-ups and we still see some surprises with new cases out of our contact lists."

    "That means that the epidemic is not contained yet," he told the AFP news agency at the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as leaders gathered a day ahead of a summit where Ebola is a key issue for discussion.

    The news comes as Guinea scientists, who have been tracking Ebola, said that the virus could be mutating, according to the BBC news website. Doctor Anavaj Sakuntabhai told the BBC the virus was changing "quite a lot".

    According to the WHO figures released in Geneva, 99 new cases were confirmed in the week up to January 25, the first time the figure has dropped below 100 since the end of June 2014.

    "The response ... has now moved to a second phase, as the focus shifts from slowing transmission to ending the epidemic," the WHO said in a statement.

    "To achieve this goal as quickly as possible, efforts have moved from rapidly building infrastructure to ensuring that capacity for case finding, case management, safe burials, and community engagement is used as effectively as possible."

    The worst outbreak of the virus in history has seen nearly 9,000 deaths in a year - almost all of them in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone - and sparked a major health scare worldwide.

    The three nations have been devastated by the outbreak, which began in December 2013, but all have seen recent signs that the virus is on the wane, with the number of new cases dropping weekly.

    Lessons learnt

    Liberia, which bore the brunt of the outbreak, hopes to have no new cases by the end of next month.

    "We must maintain the effort with even greater intensity, the forthcoming rainy season is a concern," Nabarro said.

    But he also said there were key lessons from the response to Ebola, and that a proposal to set up an African equivalent to the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) would be a step forward.

    "It took us too long to be ready, we need a better response capacity," he said. "The African CDC will allow the AU to be much quicker."

    On Friday and Saturday African leaders are set to discuss the economic recovery of countries affected by Ebola, as well as the setting up a "solidarity fund" and planning the CDC centre, which in its initial phase would operate as an "early warning system".

    The AU's Commissioner for Social Affairs, Mustapha Sidiki Kaloko, said on Wednesday that it would be operational by mid-2015 - although precise details on the plan have yet to be finalised.

    SOURCE: Agencies


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