Rohingya

Rohingya crisis explained in maps

A visual explainer of the unrest in Myanmar that has forced around one million Rohingya to flee their homes.

Shakeeb Asrar | | Rohingya, Myanmar, Interactive, War & Conflict, Bangladesh

They've been described as the "world's most persecuted minority". The Rohingya are a majority-Muslim ethnic group who have lived in the Buddhist nation of Myanmar for centuries.

The maps below follow the path of Rohingya from their ethnic homeland of Rakhine state in Myanmar to Bangladesh's district of Cox's Bazar, as well as several other countries in Asia, where the Rohingya have sought sanctuary since the 1970s.  

READ MORE: All you need to know about the Rohingya

Where are the Rohingya located?

The Rohingya have faced persecution at the hands of Myanmar's military since the country's independence in the late 1940s.

In October 2016, a military crackdown in the wake of a deadly attack on an army post sent hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fleeing to neighbouring Bangladesh.

Similar attacks in August 2017 led to the ongoing military crackdown, which has led to a new mass exodus of Rohingya.

Most Rohingya have sought refuge in and around Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh.

Rohingya location

 

Cox's Bazar

 

Which countries are hosting the Rohingya?

About one million Rohingya have fled Myanmar since the first brutal military action in 1977. The majority have taken refuge in Bangladesh, but other countries in Asia and the Middle East have also opened their doors to one of the world's most persecuted communities.

Cox's Bazar

 

Are there other ethnic groups in Myanmar?

There are 135 official ethnic groups in Myanmar, but the Rohingya have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982, which has effectively rendered them stateless.

Cox's Bazar

Which villages are being attacked?

More than 80 villages in northern Rakhine State have been set ablaze by Myanmar security forces and vigilante mobs since August 25, according to Amnesty International. Myanmar's government has said that nearly 40 percent of Rohingya villages had been targeted by the army in so-called "clearance operations", with 176 out of 471 villages emptied of people, and an additional 34 villages "partially abandoned".

 

Follow Shakeeb Asrar on Twitter: @shakeebasrar

Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies

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