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In Pictures: The Uyghurs of Xinjiang
China has enforced a de facto state of emergency on Uyghurs in Xinjiang following a particularly violent spring.
Last updated: 07 Aug 2014 06:20
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The Uyghurs are a Turkic people who mostly live in Xinjiang, a province in China's far northwestern frontier. They are culturally, ethnically and linguistically distinct from the Han Chinese, who are the majority ethnic group within China.

Most Uyghurs practise Sufism, described as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. They claim Xinjiang as their historical homeland, but the Chinese government asserts that the Han had settled Xinjiang before the Uyghurs arrived. They claim Xinjiang as an indisputable part of the Chinese polity. It is considered by many to be China's most restive province.

Uyghurs and western human rights organisations claim that the unrest stems from Beijing's oppressive policies against the Uyghur people. Beijing asserts that its policies are beneficial to the province's development and that the unrest is a product of influence from abroad, citing Islamic radical elements within Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The fasting month of Ramadan has just ended, and after a particularly violent spring, in which several bombings by alleged Uyghur radicals rocked Xinjiang and other provinces of China, this year's holy month faced closer government oversight than previous years. A de facto state of emergency has been put in place in the province and a heavy military presence could be seen in both the provincial capital of Urumqi and the Uyghur's cultural capital of Kashgar located in the south of the province.


/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

A 20-year-old Uyghur man poses in an Urumqi mosque. He acts as the assistant to the mosque's main imam. He and his boss are enthusiastic as they give an impromptu tour of their place of worship. There are five security cameras set up in the main chamber.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Watermelons, called West Melon in Chinese, are hugely popular throughout Xinjiang. Due to their hydrating qualities, they are a stable food of Ramadan here and are offered every night during breaking-the-fast meals.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Throughout the twisting ancient streets of Kashgar's old town, one can find a small neighbourhood mosque on nearly every corner. During the call to prayer, an imam will stand on the roof, cup his hands over his mouth and call out a melodic reminder to pray.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

There are two timezones in Xinjiang province, local time and Beijing time. Officially, all of China is under Beijing time but the Uyghurs in Xinjiang live by the local time which lags two hours behind Beijing. Every night during Ramadan, at around 8pm local time, people start to set up food for breaking the fast, which would happen around 8:30. All of the food is given away free of charge.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

The Id Kah Mosque dates back to 1442. It is the oldest and largest mosque in China, located within Kashgar's old town. It can hold up to 20,000 worshippers and is one of the most iconic structures in Kashgar.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Believers wait by plates of fruit inside the Id Kah Mosque for the breaking of the fast.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Wherever there is a street wide enough for a cart in Kashgar's old town, you will find vendors hawking all sorts of foods, even during Ramadan. This vendor was selling Hami melons.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

The square by the Id Kah Mosque is always bustling with people. During the hour leading up to sunset the square becomes electrified with Uyghurs travelling to where they will break their fast.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera
To mark the end of the fasting month and the beginning of the Eid festival, thousands of Muslims flock to the square in front of Id Kah to pray in the early morning hours. These early risers wait for others to gather.


/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera
A heavy military presence accompanies the end of Ramadan service in the Id Kah square. Taking pictures of the soldiers is not allowed.


/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

As the imam's sermon booms from the mosque loudspeakers, thousands of Uyghurs congregate in the square. Each brings with him his own prayer carpet.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

In unison the worshippers pray, and listen intently for instructions from the imam.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

On the second day of Eid, in the early morning hours, the imam who delivered the sermon at the Eid service was murdered on a street just outside the Id Kah mosque. The funeral, which must occur as soon as possible following a death, was arranged for that day. The military was there in full force to oversee the event, marching in battalions all around the mosque with riot shields, assault rifles, and metal bludgeons.



/Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

An old Uyghur man rests under the shade near the mosque. Soldiers sit on the edge of the square in the distance.




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images:
/mritems/images/2014/8/4/2014847211143809_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472111200292_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472111325304_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472111465166_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/2014847211259772_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112184276_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112356957_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112512394_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112653809_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112809361_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472112950687_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472113106314_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472113262609_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/8/4/20148472113418884_8.jpg
captions:

A 20-year-old Uyghur man poses in an Urumqi mosque. He acts as the assistant to the mosque(***)s main imam. He and his boss are enthusiastic as they give an impromptu tour of their place of worship. There are five security cameras set up in the main chamber.

;*;

Watermelons, called West Melon in Chinese, are hugely popular throughout Xinjiang. Due to their hydrating qualities, they are a stable food of Ramadan here and are offered every night during breaking-the-fast meals.

;*;

Throughout the twisting ancient streets of Kashgar(***)s old town, one can find a small neighbourhood mosque on nearly every corner. During the call to prayer, an imam will stand on the roof, cup his hands over his mouth and call out a melodic reminder to pray.

;*;

There are two timezones in Xinjiang province, local time and Beijing time. Officially, all of China is under Beijing time but the Uyghurs in Xinjiang live by the local time which lags two hours behind Beijing. Every night during Ramadan, at around 8pm local time, people start to set up food for breaking the fast, which would happen around 8:30. All of the food is given away free of charge.

;*;

The Id Kah Mosque dates back to 1442. It is the oldest and largest mosque in China, located within Kashgar(***)s old town. It can hold up to 20,000 worshippers and is one of the most iconic structures in Kashgar.

;*;

Believers wait by plates of fruit inside the Id Kah Mosque for the breaking of the fast.

;*;

Wherever there is a street wide enough for a cart in Kashgar(***)s old town, you will find vendors hawking all sorts of foods, even during Ramadan. This vendor was selling Hami melons.

;*;

The square by the Id Kah Mosque is always bustling with people. During the hour leading up to sunset the square becomes electrified with Uyghurs travelling to where they will break their fast.

;*;To mark the end of the fasting month and the beginning of the Eid festival, thousands of Muslims flock to the square in front of Id Kah to pray in the early morning hours. These early risers wait for others to gather.;*;A heavy military presence accompanies the end of Ramadan service in the Id Kah square. Taking pictures of the soldiers is not allowed.;*;

As the imam(***)s sermon booms from the mosque loudspeakers, thousands of Uyghurs congregate in the square. Each brings with him his own prayer carpet.

;*;

In unison the worshippers pray, and listen intently for instructions from the imam.

;*;

On the second day of Eid, in the early morning hours, the imam who delivered the sermon at the Eid service was murdered on a street just outside the Id Kah mosque. The funeral, which must occur as soon as possible following a death, was arranged for that day. The military was there in full force to oversee the event, marching in battalions all around the mosque with riot shields, assault rifles, and metal bludgeons.

;*;

An old Uyghur man rests under the shade near the mosque. Soldiers sit on the edge of the square in the distance.

Daylife ID:
2220e9efee9bce9a03a670dfba1b6bc4
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera;*;Brent Crane/Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Uyghur Ramadanhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadanen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Mon, 04 Aug 2014 07:16:46 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/84d0bbf211ee285f657143591d8653f4

A 20 year old Uyghur man poses in an Urumqi mosque. He is the assistant to the mosque's main imam. Him and his boss are enthusiastic as they give me an impromptu tour of their place of worship. I count five security cameras set up in the main chamber.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/84d0bbf211ee285f657143591d8653f4Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

A 20 year old Uyghur man poses in an Urumqi mosque. He is the assistant to the mosque's main imam. Him and his boss are enthusiastic as they give me an impromptu tour of their place of worship. I count five security cameras set up in the main chamber.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/6bf0e1da0035e81fc20aabbb70bfda4e

Watermelons, called West Melon in Chinese, are hugely popular throughout Xinjiang. Due to their hydrating qualities, they are a stable food of Ramadan here and are offered every night during breaking the fast meals.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/6bf0e1da0035e81fc20aabbb70bfda4eBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

Watermelons, called West Melon in Chinese, are hugely popular throughout Xinjiang. Due to their hydrating qualities, they are a stable food of Ramadan here and are offered every night during breaking the fast meals.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/bf8419c760e157ae8228f54ef5400320

Throughout the twisting ancient streets of Kashgar's old town, one can find one of these small neighborhood mosques on nearly every street. During the call to prayer, an imam will stand on the roof, cup his hands over his mouth and yell a melodic reminder to pray.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/bf8419c760e157ae8228f54ef5400320Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Throughout the twisting ancient streets of Kashgar's old town, one can find one of these small neighborhood mosques on nearly every street. During the call to prayer, an imam will stand on the roof, cup his hands over his mouth and yell a melodic reminder to pray.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/9328c40a9ec58fcfacb6dd025ea94a18

There are two timezones in Xinjiang province, local time and Beijing time. Officially, all of China is under Beijing time but the Uyghurs in Xinjiang live by the local time which lags two hours behind Beijing. Every night during Ramadan at around eight o'clock local time people start to set up food for the breaking of the fast, which would happen around 8 30. All of the food is given away free of charge

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/9328c40a9ec58fcfacb6dd025ea94a18Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

There are two timezones in Xinjiang province, local time and Beijing time. Officially, all of China is under Beijing time but the Uyghurs in Xinjiang live by the local time which lags two hours behind Beijing. Every night during Ramadan at around eight o'clock local time people start to set up food for the breaking of the fast, which would happen around 8 30. All of the food is given away free of charge

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/8b19a3a7c423e9474a30ee107579724d

The Id Kah Mosque dates back to 1442. It is the oldest and largest mosque in China, located within Kashgar's old town. It can hold up to 20,000 worshippers and is one of the most iconic structures in Kashgar.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/8b19a3a7c423e9474a30ee107579724dBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

The Id Kah Mosque dates back to 1442. It is the oldest and largest mosque in China, located within Kashgar's old town. It can hold up to 20,000 worshippers and is one of the most iconic structures in Kashgar.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/25aaa5bf31794ebf88452b48581b7a89

Hundreds of believers wait by plates of fruit inside the Id Kah Mosque for the breaking of the fast.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/25aaa5bf31794ebf88452b48581b7a89Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

Hundreds of believers wait by plates of fruit inside the Id Kah Mosque for the breaking of the fast.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/fe4c1f925d89ad5c0e08754a152b4d7c

Wherever there is a street wide enough for a cart in Kashgar's old town you will find vendors hocking all sorts of foods, even during the fasting month. This vendor was selling the famous Hami melon.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/fe4c1f925d89ad5c0e08754a152b4d7cBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

Wherever there is a street wide enough for a cart in Kashgar's old town you will find vendors hocking all sorts of foods, even during the fasting month. This vendor was selling the famous Hami melon.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/7db6a281bea89b50b3943cd81a163bdb

The square by the Id Kah Mosque is always a bustle of activity. During the hour leading up to the breaking of the fast the square becomes electrified with Uyghurs traveling to and fro to where they will eat.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/7db6a281bea89b50b3943cd81a163bdbBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

The square by the Id Kah Mosque is always a bustle of activity. During the hour leading up to the breaking of the fast the square becomes electrified with Uyghurs traveling to and fro to where they will eat.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/27f6ed86a04b7dc9e64a5bfe7a486fc2

To mark the end of the fasting month and the beginning of the Eid festival, thousands of Muslims flock to the square in front of Id Kah to pray in the early morning hours. These early risers wait for others to gather.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/27f6ed86a04b7dc9e64a5bfe7a486fc2Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

To mark the end of the fasting month and the beginning of the Eid festival, thousands of Muslims flock to the square in front of Id Kah to pray in the early morning hours. These early risers wait for others to gather.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/113dfc41adc8d67df3417bf95f143b34

A heavy military presence accompanies the end of Ramadan service in the Id Kah square. Taking pictures of the soldiers is not allowed.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/113dfc41adc8d67df3417bf95f143b34Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

A heavy military presence accompanies the end of Ramadan service in the Id Kah square. Taking pictures of the soldiers is not allowed.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/14df2521c5f81ef9b14ae00f726fc69f

As the Imam's sermon booms from the mosque loudspeakers, thousands of Uyghurs congregate in the square. Each brings with him his own praying carpet.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/14df2521c5f81ef9b14ae00f726fc69fBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

As the Imam's sermon booms from the mosque loudspeakers, thousands of Uyghurs congregate in the square. Each brings with him his own praying carpet.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/f7fe9140980fbb7344a6827fa14d168b

In unison the worshippers pray, listening intently for instructions from the Imam's omnipresent voice.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/f7fe9140980fbb7344a6827fa14d168bBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

In unison the worshippers pray, listening intently for instructions from the Imam's omnipresent voice.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/d0292924b2f1593581cf2653c4e4ad7a

On the second day of Eid, in the early morning hours, the Imam who delivered the sermon at the Eid service was murdered on a street just outside of the Id Kah mosque. The funeral, which must occur as soon as possible following a death, was arranged for that day. The military was there in full force to oversee the event, marching in battalions all around the mosque with riot shields, assault rifles and metal bludgeons.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/d0292924b2f1593581cf2653c4e4ad7aBrent Crane/Al Jazeera

On the second day of Eid, in the early morning hours, the Imam who delivered the sermon at the Eid service was murdered on a street just outside of the Id Kah mosque. The funeral, which must occur as soon as possible following a death, was arranged for that day. The military was there in full force to oversee the event, marching in battalions all around the mosque with riot shields, assault rifles and metal bludgeons.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/f8eb3aeb22c1b9614e4a8bc3a8f84d56

An old Uyghur man rests under the shade near the mosque. Soldiers sit on the outskirts of the square in the distance.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Uyghur_Ramadan/slideshow/no-caption/f8eb3aeb22c1b9614e4a8bc3a8f84d56Brent Crane/Al Jazeera

An old Uyghur man rests under the shade near the mosque. Soldiers sit on the outskirts of the square in the distance.



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