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In Pictures: Mining sulphur in Indonesia
Miners brave dangerous conditions to extract minerals from one of the largest sulphuric lakes on earth.
Last updated: 14 Jan 2014 09:19
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In Indonesia's East Java province, the Ijen crater is filled with one of the largest sulphuric lakes on the planet.

Here, sulphur miners brave the hazadrous environment to extract blocks of pure sulphur using simple tools.

Sulphur, referred to in the Bible as "brimstone", is an essential element for all life on Earth. But its dirivatives, such as sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid, can be very dangerous for the lungs and eyes and can cause very serious chemical burns.

In a single day, a miner in Ijen can haul up to 100kg (220lbs) of sulphur, earning an average of $6 per day.


/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner carries a large chunk of high-purity sulphur.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners put ceramic pipes on vents where sulphur gases come out.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A sulphur miner wears a full-face gas mask. Due to the hostile environment, full body cover is recommended for miners.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Sulphur miners carrying a fully loaded basket with sulphur chunks climb up Ijen crater.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners slaughter a goat as they prepare for an annual sacrificial ritual in the Ijen sulfur crater. The ritual began in 1976 after a tragedy that killed four miners.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners pray together for salvation during the ritual, in a cabin near the crater.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Every mid-December, miners offer one goat's head as part of the salvation ritual. The miners' company covers the expenses.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

The offering is put on a lakeside rock as miners wait to perform the sacrificial ritual. The water of the lake has the same acidic level as car batteries.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera
Miners bring a goat head to bury in the sulphur pipes as part of the annual ritual.


/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera
A miner sprays water onto sulfur pipes as he prepares the area for the offering.


/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera
Sulphur miners work at Ijen crater after the ritual.


/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner extracts sulphur at the Ijen crater lakeside.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners extract sulphur using the most basic tools. For every kilogram they mine they get paid seven cents.



/Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner holds two baskets with sulphur. In one day a miner can carry out around 100 kilograms of sulphur.




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images:
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captions:

A miner carries a large chunk of high-purity sulphur.

;*;

Miners put ceramic pipes on vents where sulphur gases come out.

;*;

A sulphur miner wears a full-face gas mask. Due to the hostile environment, full body cover is recommended for miners.

;*;

Sulphur miners carrying a fully loaded basket with sulphur chunks climb up Ijen crater.

;*;

Miners slaughter a goat as they prepare for an annual sacrificial ritual in the Ijen sulfur crater. The ritual began in 1976 after a tragedy that killed four miners.

;*;

Miners pray together for salvation during the ritual, in a cabin near the crater.

;*;

Every mid-December, miners offer one goat(***)s head as part of the salvation ritual. The miners(***) company covers the expenses.

;*;

The offering is put on a lakeside rock as miners wait to perform the sacrificial ritual. The water of the lake has the same acidic level as car batteries.

;*;Miners bring a goat head to bury in the sulphur pipes as part of the annual ritual.;*;A miner sprays water onto sulfur pipes as he prepares the area for the offering.;*;Sulphur miners work at Ijen crater after the ritual.;*;

A miner extracts sulphur at the Ijen crater lakeside.

;*;

Miners extract sulphur using the most basic tools. For every kilogram they mine they get paid seven cents.

;*;

A miner holds two baskets with sulphur. In one day a miner can carry out around 100 kilograms of sulphur.

Daylife ID:
981401feb1b2b21dbf70ec70ea64f19e
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera;*;Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Indonesia Sulphur Mininghttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Miningen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Mon, 06 Jan 2014 12:49:44 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/2e62f83841675a2926e1e55f0fe537cd

Miners slaughter a goat as they prepare for the annual sacrificial ritual in Ijen sulfur crater. The ritual began in 1976 after a tragedy that killed four miners.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/2e62f83841675a2926e1e55f0fe537cdGembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners slaughter a goat as they prepare for the annual sacrificial ritual in Ijen sulfur crater. The ritual began in 1976 after a tragedy that killed four miners.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/4d595b0b07d052fa1aad4d89390a9060

Miners pray together for salvation during an annual sacrificial ritual in a cabin near Ijen sulfur crater.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/4d595b0b07d052fa1aad4d89390a9060Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners pray together for salvation during an annual sacrificial ritual in a cabin near Ijen sulfur crater.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/839a06a024062610a45cb68aaa1f8e53

Every mid-December miners offer one goat's head in a ritual for salvation. The miner's company covers all the expenses of the ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/839a06a024062610a45cb68aaa1f8e53Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Every mid-December miners offer one goat's head in a ritual for salvation. The miner's company covers all the expenses of the ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/f012f0c11246fcbcb9949c4853f54f6e

Miners bring a goat head to bury in the sulphur pipes as part of the annual ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/f012f0c11246fcbcb9949c4853f54f6eGembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners bring a goat head to bury in the sulphur pipes as part of the annual ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/81b1a982e4ec4079cc04ca5359d6bfd4

The offering is put on a lakeside rock as miners wait to perform the sacrificial ritual. The water of the lake has the same acidic level with car battery.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/81b1a982e4ec4079cc04ca5359d6bfd4Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

The offering is put on a lakeside rock as miners wait to perform the sacrificial ritual. The water of the lake has the same acidic level with car battery.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/73f46dbfda549f214db7083d23bf6305

A miner sprays water onto sulfur pipes as he prepares the area for the offering.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/73f46dbfda549f214db7083d23bf6305Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner sprays water onto sulfur pipes as he prepares the area for the offering.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/8ca70b509a185e362b6fd4ccd719e5a6

Local miners put ceramic pipes on series of vents where sulphur gases come out.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/8ca70b509a185e362b6fd4ccd719e5a6Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Local miners put ceramic pipes on series of vents where sulphur gases come out.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/be847d67af094eb7a0dcb74b61c4793d

A miner extracts sulphur on lakeside of Ijen crater. The sulphuric lake stands 238 above sea level.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/be847d67af094eb7a0dcb74b61c4793dGembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner extracts sulphur on lakeside of Ijen crater. The sulphuric lake stands 238 above sea level.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/c11e3fd80c418130c86f2bbae6162223

Sulphur miners work at Ijen crater after the ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/c11e3fd80c418130c86f2bbae6162223Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Sulphur miners work at Ijen crater after the ritual.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/4d8ec720776dec24dafd3acb0603e845

Miners extract sulphur usin the most basic tools. For every kilogram of sulphur they get paid seven cents.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/4d8ec720776dec24dafd3acb0603e845Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Miners extract sulphur usin the most basic tools. For every kilogram of sulphur they get paid seven cents.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/7d710fdf23f4bb5060005596d8ffb318

A miner bears a pair of basket fully loaded with sulphur. In one day a miner can bringaround 100kg sulphur in two round trips.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/7d710fdf23f4bb5060005596d8ffb318Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner bears a pair of basket fully loaded with sulphur. In one day a miner can bringaround 100kg sulphur in two round trips.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/b7ad338715ae0d12ee7e502cc2733f70

A miner bears a big chunk ofpure sulphur that condense at the end of the pipe.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/b7ad338715ae0d12ee7e502cc2733f70Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A miner bears a big chunk ofpure sulphur that condense at the end of the pipe.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/3dca4344a26c867f7846cb1041f559f2

Sulfur miners bearing a fully loaded basket with sulphur chunks climb up Ijen crater in Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia, December 7, 2013.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/3dca4344a26c867f7846cb1041f559f2Gembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

Sulfur miners bearing a fully loaded basket with sulphur chunks climb up Ijen crater in Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia, December 7, 2013.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/5c7ce626a936d7be88107b18dae2958a

A sulfur miner wears full face gas masker at Ijen sulfur crater during annual sacrificial ritual. Due to hostile environment fully body covered is recomended for miners.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Indonesia_Sulphur_Mining/slideshow/no-caption/5c7ce626a936d7be88107b18dae2958aGembong Nusantara/Al Jazeera

A sulfur miner wears full face gas masker at Ijen sulfur crater during annual sacrificial ritual. Due to hostile environment fully body covered is recomended for miners.



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