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In Pictures
In Pictures: A Garissa tale
Kenyan-Somalis offer an insight into the daily challenges they encounter.
Last updated: 15 Nov 2013 07:33
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Kenya is home to 42 tribes. One of those is Somali. Kenyan-Somalis make up around five percent of the population – making them the sixth-largest tribe in the country.

Distinct from them, however, are non-Kenyan Somalis who have fled the civil war in Somalia. The Dadaab refugee camp on the border of the two countries holds most of them but there are many in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, and its North Eastern Province, whom the government periodically rounds up.

In the North Eastern Province's Garissa county, Kenyan-Somalis offer an insight into their lives and the challenges they encounter, from border security to drought.


/Will Swanson
North Eastern Kenya on the Kenyan Somali border is home to over two million people, many of whom are ethnic Somalis. The majority of Kenyan Somalis in this semi arid region are nomadic pastoralists. Bordering Somalia, the region is also home to upwards of 500,000 refugees, which has brought both positive development and infrastructure, and adverse pressures such as insecurity and environmental degradation to the region


/Will Swanson
Porous and poorly patrolled borders with Somalia have meant that Garissa county has witnessed a number of serious security incidents in the last few years. More recently, the security situation has been improving in Garissa, and Abdullahi Issack, local assistant chief of Waarebi district, hopes investment and business will return to his area. "People should know that it is safe here, we're open for business," he said


/Will Swanson
Internally displaced from the Kenya Somali border, Zeinab Sheik Hussein and her family were nomadic pastoralists until a severe drought in 2011 that affected some 9.5 million people across East Africa and resulted in up to 250,000 deaths. Losing their entire herd to the drought, her family moved to Garissa town to receive assistance and now live in a makeshift dwelling on the outskirts of the settlement


/Will Swanson
Sheik Hussein Mahad Noor, Sheik Hassan Abdi Abdullahi and Sheik Abdikadir Jailam, stand outside the Jamia Mosque in Garissa - a regional hub and important centre for the Kenyan Somali community. Garissa town is a centre of culture and religion for the Kenyan Somali people in Kenya


/Will Swanson
Workers use a tractor to transport sweet melons and other produce from their farm next to the Tana river into Garissa and for sale in Nairobi and Mombasa, and also for export to other countries. The Tana river that flows 1000km across Kenya to the Indian Ocean is an important resource for the many farms and large-scale agricultural projects situated along its banks. The river is an important source of income and employment in the region


/Will Swanson
In Garissa county, less than 20 percent of residents have attended any form of schooling compared with the national average of 51 percent. Gender-based exclusion, cultural norms and the traditional nomadic lifestyle of Kenyan Somalis have played a role in poor literacy levels throughout the region


/Will Swanson
North Eastern Kenya - Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties - is still significantly underserviced in healthcare. Only one percent of Kenya's health facilities are in these areas, serving a population of over 2.3 million people. In Garissa County, many Kenyan Somalis who live in nomadic family groups or isolated settlements must cover long distances to get help


/Will Swanson
An arid environment, Garissa County struggles to support a large population and the influx of refugees to the region has brought negative environmental consequences. Garissa County Commissioner Harun Rashid Khator is concerned about the environmental impacts of the refugee camps on the host community. "They (the refugees) use firewood for cooking, for everything. So in the end that has devastated what little forest that we have." He also said the water table in certain areas has dropped signficantly due to high demand


/Will Swanson
An elderly Kenyan Somali man in traditional dress in Garissa county. One of 42 tribes in Kenya, many ethnic Kenyan Somalis feel marginalised by other Kenyans who may falsely believe they come from neighbouring Somalia


/Will Swanson
A farmer returns with his goats from drinking at the Tana river in the late afternoon sun. Many Kenyan Somalis in Garissa county are nomadic pastoralists, which makes them vulnerable to poor weather and drought. Government ministries and NGOs are working to bring agriculture and other incomes to local communities so that they may be more resilient to disasters such as droughts and famines


/Will Swanson
As infrastructure improves in towns and settlements of North East Kenya, many nomadic Kenyan Somalis are settling down around areas that have access to healthcare, job opportunities and education. Soon, nomadic pastoralism may be gone from the region as they turn to agriculture and other enteprises to make a living


For more on the struggle between ethnicity and nationality facing Kenyan Somalis, watch Not Yet Kenyan

 

 
Al Jazeera Correspondent can be seen each week at the following times GMT: Thursday: 2000; Friday: 1200; Saturday: 0100; Sunday: 0600; Monday: 2000; Tuesday: 1130; Wednesday: 0100; Thursday: 0600.

Watch more Al Jazeera Correspondent 


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images:
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captions:
North Eastern Kenya on the Kenyan Somali border is home to over two million people, many of whom are ethnic Somalis. The majority of Kenyan Somalis in this semi arid region are nomadic pastoralists. Bordering Somalia, the region is also home to upwards of 500,000 refugees, which has brought both positive development and infrastructure, and adverse pressures such as insecurity and environmental degradation to the region;*;Porous and poorly patrolled borders with Somalia have meant that Garissa county has witnessed a number of serious security incidents in the last few years. More recently, the security situation has been improving in Garissa, and Abdullahi Issack, local assistant chief of Waarebi district, hopes investment and business will return to his area. "People should know that it is safe here, we\(***)re open for business," he said;*;Internally displaced from the Kenya Somali border, Zeinab Sheik Hussein and her family were nomadic pastoralists until a severe drought in 2011 that affected some 9.5 million people across East Africa and resulted in up to 250,000 deaths. Losing their entire herd to the drought, her family moved to Garissa town to receive assistance and now live in a makeshift dwelling on the outskirts of the settlement;*;Sheik Hussein Mahad Noor, Sheik Hassan Abdi Abdullahi and Sheik Abdikadir Jailam, stand outside the Jamia Mosque in Garissa - a regional hub and important centre for the Kenyan Somali community. Garissa town is a centre of culture and religion for the Kenyan Somali people in Kenya;*;Workers use a tractor to transport sweet melons and other produce from their farm next to the Tana river into Garissa and for sale in Nairobi and Mombasa, and also for export to other countries. The Tana river that flows 1000km across Kenya to the Indian Ocean is an important resource for the many farms and large-scale agricultural projects situated along its banks. The river is an important source of income and employment in the region;*;In Garissa county, less than 20 percent of residents have attended any form of schooling compared with the national average of 51 percent. Gender-based exclusion, cultural norms and the traditional nomadic lifestyle of Kenyan Somalis have played a role in poor literacy levels throughout the region;*;North Eastern Kenya - Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties - is still significantly underserviced in healthcare. Only one percent of Kenya\(***)s health facilities are in these areas, serving a population of over 2.3 million people. In Garissa County, many Kenyan Somalis who live in nomadic family groups or isolated settlements must cover long distances to get help;*;An arid environment, Garissa County struggles to support a large population and the influx of refugees to the region has brought negative environmental consequences. Garissa County Commissioner Harun Rashid Khator is concerned about the environmental impacts of the refugee camps on the host community. "They (the refugees) use firewood for cooking, for everything. So in the end that has devastated what little forest that we have." He also said the water table in certain areas has dropped signficantly due to high demand;*;An elderly Kenyan Somali man in traditional dress in Garissa county. One of 42 tribes in Kenya, many ethnic Kenyan Somalis feel marginalised by other Kenyans who may falsely believe they come from neighbouring Somalia;*;A farmer returns with his goats from drinking at the Tana river in the late afternoon sun. Many Kenyan Somalis in Garissa county are nomadic pastoralists, which makes them vulnerable to poor weather and drought. Government ministries and NGOs are working to bring agriculture and other incomes to local communities so that they may be more resilient to disasters such as droughts and famines;*;As infrastructure improves in towns and settlements of North East Kenya, many nomadic Kenyan Somalis are settling down around areas that have access to healthcare, job opportunities and education. Soon, nomadic pastoralism may be gone from the region as they turn to agriculture and other enteprises to make a living Daylife ID:
4710d6c98d55bd362996b45d43c6958e
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson;*;Will Swanson
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
A Garissa lifestylehttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyleen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Thu, 14 Nov 2013 14:00:26 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/b95f1b46e8eaf69b0e73cfa043f840da

North Eastern Kenya on the Kenyan Somali border is home to over two million people, many of whom are ethnic Somalis. The majority of Kenyan Somalis in this semi arid region are nomadic pastoralists. Bordering Somalia, the region is also home to upwards of 500,000 refugees, which has brought both positive development and infrastructure, and adverse pressures such as insecurity and environmental degradation to the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/b95f1b46e8eaf69b0e73cfa043f840daWill Swanson

North Eastern Kenya on the Kenyan Somali border is home to over two million people, many of whom are ethnic Somalis. The majority of Kenyan Somalis in this semi arid region are nomadic pastoralists. Bordering Somalia, the region is also home to upwards of 500,000 refugees, which has brought both positive development and infrastructure, and adverse pressures such as insecurity and environmental degradation to the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/8dff73cd6b1330ff17d465624ce8897b

Porous and poorly patrolled borders with Somalia have meant that Garissa county has witnessed a number of serious security incidents in the last few years. More recently, the security situation has been improving in Garissa, and Abdullahi Issack, local assistant chief of Waarebi district, hopes investment and business will return to his area. "People should know that it is safe here, we're open for business," he said

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/8dff73cd6b1330ff17d465624ce8897bWill Swanson

Porous and poorly patrolled borders with Somalia have meant that Garissa county has witnessed a number of serious security incidents in the last few years. More recently, the security situation has been improving in Garissa, and Abdullahi Issack, local assistant chief of Waarebi district, hopes investment and business will return to his area. "People should know that it is safe here, we're open for business," he said

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/cd8f82962c1c0815246bd4b8ffc7d66f

Internally displaced from the Kenya Somali border, Zeinab Sheik Hussein and her family were nomadic pastoralists until a severe drought in 2011 that affected some 9.5 million people across East Africa and resulted in up to 250,000 deaths. Losing their entire herd to the drought, her family moved to Garissa town to receive assistance and now live in a makeshift dwelling on the outskirts of the settlement

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/cd8f82962c1c0815246bd4b8ffc7d66fWill Swanson

Internally displaced from the Kenya Somali border, Zeinab Sheik Hussein and her family were nomadic pastoralists until a severe drought in 2011 that affected some 9.5 million people across East Africa and resulted in up to 250,000 deaths. Losing their entire herd to the drought, her family moved to Garissa town to receive assistance and now live in a makeshift dwelling on the outskirts of the settlement

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/71dade69b7f715d45175849a0c36e822

Sheik Hussein Mahad Noor, Sheik Hassan Abdi Abdullahi and Sheik Abdikadir Jailam, stand outside the Jamia Mosque in Garissa - a regional hub and important centre for the Kenyan Somali community. Garissa town is a centre of culture and religion for the Kenyan Somali people in Kenya

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/71dade69b7f715d45175849a0c36e822Will Swanson

Sheik Hussein Mahad Noor, Sheik Hassan Abdi Abdullahi and Sheik Abdikadir Jailam, stand outside the Jamia Mosque in Garissa - a regional hub and important centre for the Kenyan Somali community. Garissa town is a centre of culture and religion for the Kenyan Somali people in Kenya

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/a456f57fb7d67bfb9e5f9b545bddd698

Workers use a tractor to transport sweet melons and other produce from their farm next to the Tana river into Garissa and for sale in Nairobi and Mombasa, and also for export to other countries. The Tana river that flows 1000km across Kenya to the Indian Ocean is an important resource for the many farms and large-scale agricultural projects situated along its banks. The river is an important source of income and employment in the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/a456f57fb7d67bfb9e5f9b545bddd698Will Swanson

Workers use a tractor to transport sweet melons and other produce from their farm next to the Tana river into Garissa and for sale in Nairobi and Mombasa, and also for export to other countries. The Tana river that flows 1000km across Kenya to the Indian Ocean is an important resource for the many farms and large-scale agricultural projects situated along its banks. The river is an important source of income and employment in the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/85196626720b4e7eec6dfb3f169e56f2

In Garissa county, less than 20 percent of residents have attended any form of schooling compared with the national average of 51 percent. Gender-based exclusion, cultural norms and the traditional nomadic lifestyle of Kenyan Somalis have played a role in poor literacy levels throughout the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/85196626720b4e7eec6dfb3f169e56f2Will Swanson

In Garissa county, less than 20 percent of residents have attended any form of schooling compared with the national average of 51 percent. Gender-based exclusion, cultural norms and the traditional nomadic lifestyle of Kenyan Somalis have played a role in poor literacy levels throughout the region

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/9ce38d09b80b1aae7493f628a42e869e

North Eastern Kenya - Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties - is still significantly underserviced in healthcare. Only one percent of Kenya's health facilities are in these areas, serving a population of over 2.3 million people. In Garissa County, many Kenyan Somalis who live in nomadic family groups or isolated settlements must cover long distances to get help

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/9ce38d09b80b1aae7493f628a42e869eWill Swanson

North Eastern Kenya - Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties - is still significantly underserviced in healthcare. Only one percent of Kenya's health facilities are in these areas, serving a population of over 2.3 million people. In Garissa County, many Kenyan Somalis who live in nomadic family groups or isolated settlements must cover long distances to get help

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/060ef18b10c948a5eff430f492aa5f6c

An arid environment, Garissa County struggles to support a large population and the influx of refugees to the region has brought negative environmental consequences. Garissa County Commissioner Harun Rashid Khator is concerned about the environmental impacts of the refugee camps on the host community. "They (the refugees) use firewood for cooking, for everything. So in the end that has devastated what little forest that we have." He also said the water table in certain areas has dropped signficantly due to high demand

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/060ef18b10c948a5eff430f492aa5f6cWill Swanson

An arid environment, Garissa County struggles to support a large population and the influx of refugees to the region has brought negative environmental consequences. Garissa County Commissioner Harun Rashid Khator is concerned about the environmental impacts of the refugee camps on the host community. "They (the refugees) use firewood for cooking, for everything. So in the end that has devastated what little forest that we have." He also said the water table in certain areas has dropped signficantly due to high demand

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/5cab6a5e3cb6441f3023b392726eb7dc

An elderly Kenyan Somali man in traditional dress in Garissa county. One of 42 tribes in Kenya, many ethnic Kenyan Somalis feel marginalised by other Kenyans who may falsely believe they come from neighbouring Somalia

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/5cab6a5e3cb6441f3023b392726eb7dcWill Swanson

An elderly Kenyan Somali man in traditional dress in Garissa county. One of 42 tribes in Kenya, many ethnic Kenyan Somalis feel marginalised by other Kenyans who may falsely believe they come from neighbouring Somalia

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/5fece516fcbf1a51a9aab09df368cca4

A farmer returns with his goats from drinking at the Tana river in the late afternoon sun. Many Kenyan Somalis in Garissa county are nomadic pastoralists, which makes them vulnerable to poor weather and drought. Government ministries and NGOs are working to bring agriculture and other incomes to local communities so that they may be more resilient to disasters such as droughts and famines

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/5fece516fcbf1a51a9aab09df368cca4Will Swanson

A farmer returns with his goats from drinking at the Tana river in the late afternoon sun. Many Kenyan Somalis in Garissa county are nomadic pastoralists, which makes them vulnerable to poor weather and drought. Government ministries and NGOs are working to bring agriculture and other incomes to local communities so that they may be more resilient to disasters such as droughts and famines

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/d481e0de462127763559209e937a3f8e

As infrastructure improves in towns and settlements of North East Kenya, many nomadic Kenyan Somalis are settling down around areas that have access to healthcare, job opportunities and education. Soon, nomadic pastoralism may be gone from the region as they turn to agriculture and other enteprises to make a living

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/A_Garissa_Lifestyle/slideshow/no-caption/d481e0de462127763559209e937a3f8eWill Swanson

As infrastructure improves in towns and settlements of North East Kenya, many nomadic Kenyan Somalis are settling down around areas that have access to healthcare, job opportunities and education. Soon, nomadic pastoralism may be gone from the region as they turn to agriculture and other enteprises to make a living



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