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Kashmir: Women of conflict
Photo essay on women of Kashmir, where an ongoing conflict has exacted a heavy toll.
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2013 11:43
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Women in Indian-administered Kashmir have been subjected to great sufferings since a separatist uprising broke out the region in 1989.

Many of them have been widowed, displaced, tortured, raped, and jailed. Some have also had their sons killed in the ongoing conflict.

Even the girl child has not been spared, many of whom have been orphaned. 

India claims Kashmir to be an integral part, but Pakistan also lays claim over the territory. The two neighbours have fought two wars over the territory. 

Because of the continuing turmoil, women in Kashmir are forced to undergo immense hardships. It is no easy life, but then these women have braved the challenges stoically.

This photo essay catalogues the daily life of Kashmiri women -- from those pelting stones at Indian troops to those mourning the dead, and those on the lookout for relatives who disappeared in course of the unresolved conflict. 


/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

A Kashmiri girl and her mother, whose husband has disappeared, move past portraits of youth who have disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. The Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) say some 8,000-10000 people have disappeared in course of the conflict.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

A Kashmiri woman pelts stones at Indian policemen during a pro-independence demonstration in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir. The continuing turmoil in Kashmir has given birth to a whole generation of stone pelters.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

A girl peeps out to check whether it is safe to step out. Curfews enforced by the authorities can last for days and cripple normal life.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Loops of razor wires are widely used to discourage demonstrators from taking over streets in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

It's risky to venture out during curfews. But some, like these two fisherwomen, do step out braving dangers to carry on with their lives.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Tempers often run high in tense Kashmir. Here, a woman is seen engaging with Indian paramilitary soldiers after being stopped from protesting outside the office of UN Military Observer Group.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Death visits the valley with unfailing regularity and thousands have died in the course of the conflict. Here, women of a village in south Kashmir gather to watch the funeral of men who died in a gun battle with troops. 

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

The conflict has caused immense distress and these women weep, finding their homes razed by troops. Indian troops are often accused of committing excesses, a charge denied by India. At times, Indian authorities have disciplined its own troops.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

But faith keeps the women going and here, they are seen praying at the Hazratbal shrine on the outskirts of Srinagar. The popular shrine houses a relic believed to be a hair from the beard of Prophet Mohammad.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Anger, however, erupts almost on a daily basis and this woman is seen shouting anti-government slogans as she takes part in a sit-in protest during the International Day of the Disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. 

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

But amid all the upheaval, there is still room for song and dance. These school girls performed a traditional dance during India's Republic Day - an occasion that is generally marked by strikes called by pro-Independence groups.

 

 

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Years have passed since the rebellion started, but there is no let up in the calls for international intervention to settle the dispute. Here, women march to the UN mission to press for their demand.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Two women carry firewood - they are all forced to bear the burden of a dispute that has eluded a solution for decades.

/Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

There is hope though that someday some solution will emerge to resolve what seems an intractable dispute. These two women are busy harvesting mustard. Almost 70 percent of Kashmiris are dependent on agriculture, a sector, badly affected during past two decades of conflict.

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images:
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captions:

A Kashmiri girl and her mother, whose husband has disappeared, move past portraits of youth who have disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. The Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) say some 8,000-10000 people have disappeared in course of the conflict.

;*;

A Kashmiri woman pelts stones at Indian policemen during a pro-independence demonstration in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir. The continuing turmoil in Kashmir has given birth to a whole generation of stone pelters.

;*;

A girl peeps out to check whether it is safe to step out. Curfews enforced by the authorities can last for days and cripple normal life.

;*;

Loops of razor wires are widely used to discourage demonstrators from taking over streets in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

;*;

It(***)s risky to venture out during curfews. But some, like these two fisherwomen, do step out braving dangers to carry on with their lives.

;*;

Tempers often run high in tense Kashmir. Here, a woman is seen engaging with Indian paramilitary soldiers after being stopped from protesting outside the office of UN Military Observer Group.

;*;

Death visits the valley with unfailing regularity and thousands have died in the course of the conflict. Here, women of a village in south Kashmir gather to watch the funeral of men who died in a gun battle with troops. 

;*;

The conflict has caused immense distress and these women weep, finding their homes razed by troops. Indian troops are often accused of committing excesses, a charge denied by India. At times, Indian authorities have disciplined its own troops.

;*;

But faith keeps the women going and here, they are seen praying at the Hazratbal shrine on the outskirts of Srinagar. The popular shrine houses a relic believed to be a hair from the beard of Prophet Mohammad.

;*;

Anger, however, erupts almost on a daily basis and this woman is seen shouting anti-government slogans as she takes part in a sit-in protest during the International Day of the Disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. 

;*;

But amid all the upheaval, there is still room for song and dance. These school girls performed a traditional dance during India(***)s Republic Day - an occasion that is generally marked by strikes called by pro-Independence groups.

 

 

;*;

Years have passed since the rebellion started, but there is no let up in the calls for international intervention to settle the dispute. Here, women march to the UN mission to press for their demand.

;*;

Two women carry firewood - they are all forced to bear the burden of a dispute that has eluded a solution for decades.

;*;

There is hope though that someday some solution will emerge to resolve what seems an intractable dispute. These two women are busy harvesting mustard. Almost 70 percent of Kashmiris are dependent on agriculture, a sector, badly affected during past two decades of conflict.

Daylife ID:
42f5f1942f92b5da5d6959bec0338e03
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera;*;Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Kashmir Women in ConflictWomen in the Indian-administered Kashmir have suffered greatly since the armed rebellion broke out in 1989 against New Delhi’s rule. They have been displaced, tortured, raped, their husbands disappeared, sons killed and some of them bundled in jails together for years. And a large number of children orphaned in the deadly conflict are female. Al Jazeera tries to provide a comprehensive portrait of the daily lives of these women, who despite these challenges, play a huge role in the largely conservative society. http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflicten-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Tue, 24 Sep 2013 21:50:28 GMTWomen in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/410f7c58041f0cc996d8774ae7f357c5

A Kashmir girl and her mother, whose husband has disappeared, move past a banner-caricature of youth having subjected to enforced disappearances in Indian-administered Kashmir. Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), a key body demanding probes and punishments in such cases, say some 8,000-10000 persons were disappeared after being arrested allegedly by Indian troops and local police after 1989 when the arned rebellion against New Delhi's rule broke out.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/410f7c58041f0cc996d8774ae7f357c5Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

A Kashmir girl and her mother, whose husband has disappeared, move past a banner-caricature of youth having subjected to enforced disappearances in Indian-administered Kashmir. Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), a key body demanding probes and punishments in such cases, say some 8,000-10000 persons were disappeared after being arrested allegedly by Indian troops and local police after 1989 when the arned rebellion against New Delhi's rule broke out.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/08f4e84780b8362f6324b9a57ec807a7

A Kashmiri woman pelts stones at Indian policemen during pro-independence demonstrations in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir. Violent clashes between Kashmiri protesters and Indian troops are a common sight in the disputed Himalayan region claimed by both India and Pakistan who rule it in parts since 1947.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/08f4e84780b8362f6324b9a57ec807a7Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

A Kashmiri woman pelts stones at Indian policemen during pro-independence demonstrations in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir. Violent clashes between Kashmiri protesters and Indian troops are a common sight in the disputed Himalayan region claimed by both India and Pakistan who rule it in parts since 1947.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/1b956437f7934e88a2bf6dc94dbc9253

Stringent curfews can sometime continue for several days together crippling normal life and pushing people to stay indoors all the time in the restive Indian-administered Kashmir.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/1b956437f7934e88a2bf6dc94dbc9253Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Stringent curfews can sometime continue for several days together crippling normal life and pushing people to stay indoors all the time in the restive Indian-administered Kashmir.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/1d1f2b20804b181fb479d146d52611ba

Loops of razor wires are widely used to discourage demonstrators from taking over streets in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/1d1f2b20804b181fb479d146d52611baAbid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Loops of razor wires are widely used to discourage demonstrators from taking over streets in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/0320042eecc09ae542c69a3b98dcc856

Kashmiri fisherwomen carrying traditional metal containers during curfew in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/0320042eecc09ae542c69a3b98dcc856Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Kashmiri fisherwomen carrying traditional metal containers during curfew in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian-administered Kashmir.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/ade6568ad4041e63bf1654b7385c7339

A Kashmiri woman is seen engaging with Indian paramilitary soldiers after being stopped from protesting outside the office of UN Military Observer Group in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/ade6568ad4041e63bf1654b7385c7339Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

A Kashmiri woman is seen engaging with Indian paramilitary soldiers after being stopped from protesting outside the office of UN Military Observer Group in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/20dde502f01d7ea1d87c8ffddd269e2d

Village women in South Kashmir watch the funeral prayers of slain rebels killed in a gun battle with Indian troops. There is growing support for rebels in Indian-administered Kashmir where funerals of home-grown fighters often draw larger crowds.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/20dde502f01d7ea1d87c8ffddd269e2dAbid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Village women in South Kashmir watch the funeral prayers of slain rebels killed in a gun battle with Indian troops. There is growing support for rebels in Indian-administered Kashmir where funerals of home-grown fighters often draw larger crowds.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/no-caption/8f2f062390880a9fe5de9ada6ad1c670

Kashmiri women cry after their house is razed by Indian troops during a gun battle with rebels. Troops are often accused of blasting houses and properties during gunfights with holed-up rebels while authorities rarely compensate house-owners for the damages.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/no-caption/8f2f062390880a9fe5de9ada6ad1c670Abid Bhat/ Al Jazeera

Kashmiri women cry after their house is razed by Indian troops during a gun battle with rebels. Troops are often accused of blasting houses and properties during gunfights with holed-up rebels while authorities rarely compensate house-owners for the damages.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/642798a9ba3d05073e5848a494b6f71f

Kashmiri women pray at Hazratbal shrine on the outskirts of summer capital Srinagar in the Indian-administered Kashmir. The popular shrine houses a relic believed to be a hair from the beard of Prophet Mohammad.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/642798a9ba3d05073e5848a494b6f71fAbid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Kashmiri women pray at Hazratbal shrine on the outskirts of summer capital Srinagar in the Indian-administered Kashmir. The popular shrine houses a relic believed to be a hair from the beard of Prophet Mohammad.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/3b8f035ccb189a6a6f38faf6adaaf4e9

Wife of a disappeared man shouts anti-government slogans as she takes part in a sit-in protest during the International Day of the Disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. The families of disappeared have been for long seeking impartial probes on the fate of thousands of people who have allegedly been disappeared in custody since a separatist rebellion broke out in 1989 in Kashmir.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/3b8f035ccb189a6a6f38faf6adaaf4e9Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Wife of a disappeared man shouts anti-government slogans as she takes part in a sit-in protest during the International Day of the Disappeared in Indian-administered Kashmir. The families of disappeared have been for long seeking impartial probes on the fate of thousands of people who have allegedly been disappeared in custody since a separatist rebellion broke out in 1989 in Kashmir.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/e8d758442143f882decd46475cfe39a8

Kashmiri school girls perform traditional dance during India's Republic Day celebrations in the Indian-administered Kashmir. India's Independence Day and Republic Day are often marred with general strikes called by pro-Independence leaders to protest New Delhi's rule in the region.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/e8d758442143f882decd46475cfe39a8Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Kashmiri school girls perform traditional dance during India's Republic Day celebrations in the Indian-administered Kashmir. India's Independence Day and Republic Day are often marred with general strikes called by pro-Independence leaders to protest New Delhi's rule in the region.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/35f1bd558848c6108e9d8a87de95f028

Kashmiri women holding Islamic flags march to UN mission in the Indian-administered Kashmir with a memorandum demanding international intervention to resolve the Kashmir dispute. The region remains bitterly contested between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan who claim it in entirety but rule in portions.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/35f1bd558848c6108e9d8a87de95f028Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Kashmiri women holding Islamic flags march to UN mission in the Indian-administered Kashmir with a memorandum demanding international intervention to resolve the Kashmir dispute. The region remains bitterly contested between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan who claim it in entirety but rule in portions.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/3667a8670db8ac954fe0e12dfe9e22ef

Carrying burden on head in wicker baskets is a common practice across rural portions of Indian-administered Kashmir as a substitute to carrying a weight on the back or shoulders.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/3667a8670db8ac954fe0e12dfe9e22efAbid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Carrying burden on head in wicker baskets is a common practice across rural portions of Indian-administered Kashmir as a substitute to carrying a weight on the back or shoulders.

Women in Kashmirhttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/651ee94f8c951acb26eae69cb7530ce0

Harvesting mustard yield is common among rural women in Indian-administered Kashmir. Almost 70 percent of Kashmiris are dependent on agriculture, a sector, badly affected during past 25 years of conflict.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Kashmir_women_in_conflict/slideshow/women-in-kashmir/651ee94f8c951acb26eae69cb7530ce0Abid Bhat/ Al JazeeraWomen in Kashmir

Harvesting mustard yield is common among rural women in Indian-administered Kashmir. Almost 70 percent of Kashmiris are dependent on agriculture, a sector, badly affected during past 25 years of conflict.



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