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In Pictures: Egypt's troubled Sinai peninsula

The Sinai has become more volatile since Egypt's revolution - the result, many say, of years of government neglect.
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2012 10:56

Since the Egyptian uprising in 2011, the Sinai peninsula - a vast land of mountains and deserts - has become increasingly volatile. The new government inherited a legacy of lawlessness caused by 30 years of neglect, marginalisation and hostility between the Bedouins native to the region and the state.

The rise of attacks against army checkpoints and police stations have spurred calls for more development in the region, which many see as a possible solution to the unrest.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
Bedouins are not officially allowed to own land, serve in the army or police, or profit from local tourism. Many locals cannot claim ownership of the ancestral lands their families and tribes have been using for centuries.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
A father and his son inspect a damaged train station in Sinai. Armed groups looted and destroyed the train station in the city of Baluza in 2001. Since 2008 there has been no train transport to or from Sinai.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
A now-deserted police checkpoint in north Sinai is one of many that has been attacked by armed Bedouins with heavy weaponry.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
Hassan Al Akhrasi, an influential leader of the Akharsah tribes, was an ex-member of the local committee in Baluza, where many Bedouins feel marginalised and ignored. They complain they do not gain from government investment and economic development.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
Construction of a resort on Morgana beach in northern Sinai was underway before it was halted by a former governor during the Mubarak era. He was said to have cancelled the project to protect a tycoon whose own resorts might have been negatively affected by the competition.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
A natural gas pipeline running through the Sinai has been targeted more than a dozen times since the 2011 uprising. Bedouins who oppose the peace treaty and export of gas to Israel have attacked the pipeline, which starts in the building pictured above and extends hundreds of kilometres through the desert.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
More weapons have reportedly been flowing into Sinai, mostly coming from Libya. Weapons also arrived through the tunnels connecting Egypt and Gaza, and some have also been smuggled from Israel.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
A child inspects a destroyed security building in Rafah, which was targeted by armed groups during the uprising. The Mubarak government's iron-fist policy in Sinai alienated Bedouins and resulted in violent attacks on state buildings during the uprising.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
In the town of Muqata'a, buildings show damage from shelling and gunfire. The town is said to be a hotbed of hard-line groups who clashed with the army during Operation Eagle, launched after 16 Egyptian soldiers were killed in August.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
The church in Rafah was targeted by gunmen during the uprising, and has since been abandoned without repairs ever having been made.


Mosaab Elshamy /
Hateful messages were written on the walls of the church, the only one in the city.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
Human Rights Watch has released a report about a trafficking network in Sinai that has victimised hundreds, perhaps thousands, of sub-Saharan asylum seekers and migrants, most of them Eritreans. The traffickers imprison their victims in Sinai until their relatives pay tens of thousands of dollars for their release.


Mosaab Elshamy /Al Jazeera
In the border town of Rafah, goods and people smuggling to Gaza has thrived for years using the subterranean tunnels burrowed beneath the border. Just a few hundred metres away from the besieged strip, Rafah lives almost exclusively on the tunnels' economic activity, a more-or-less open secret.



images:
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captions:
Bedouins are not officially allowed to own land, serve in the army or police, or profit from local tourism. Many locals cannot claim ownership of the ancestral lands their families and tribes have been using for centuries.;*;A father and his son inspect a damaged train station in Sinai. Armed groups looted and destroyed the train station in the city of Baluza in 2001. Since 2008 there has been no train transport to or from Sinai.;*;A now-deserted police checkpoint in north Sinai is one of many that has been attacked by armed Bedouins with heavy weaponry.;*;Hassan Al Akhrasi, an influential leader of the Akharsah tribes, was an ex-member of the local committee in Baluza, where many Bedouins feel marginalised and ignored. They complain they do not gain from government investment and economic development. ;*;Construction of a resort on Morgana beach in northern Sinai was underway before it was halted by a former governor during the Mubarak era. He was said to have cancelled the project to protect a tycoon whose own resorts might have been negatively affected by the competition.;*;A natural gas pipeline running through the Sinai has been targeted more than a dozen times since the 2011 uprising. Bedouins who oppose the peace treaty and export of gas to Israel have attacked the pipeline, which starts in the building pictured above and extends hundreds of kilometres through the desert.;*;More weapons have reportedly been flowing into Sinai, mostly coming from Libya. Weapons also arrived through the tunnels connecting Egypt and Gaza, and some have also been smuggled from Israel.;*;A child inspects a destroyed security building in Rafah, which was targeted by armed groups during the uprising. The Mubarak government(***)s iron-fist policy in Sinai alienated Bedouins and resulted in violent attacks on state buildings during the uprising.;*;In the town of Muqata(***)a, buildings show damage from shelling and gunfire. The town is said to be a hotbed of hard-line groups who clashed with the army during Operation Eagle, launched after 16 Egyptian soldiers were killed in August.;*;The church in Rafah was targeted by gunmen during the uprising, and has since been abandoned without repairs ever having been made.;*;Hateful messages were written on the walls of the church, the only one in the city.;*;Human Rights Watch has released a report about a trafficking network in Sinai that has victimised hundreds, perhaps thousands, of sub-Saharan asylum seekers and migrants, most of them Eritreans. The traffickers imprison their victims in Sinai until their relatives pay tens of thousands of dollars for their release.;*;In the border town of Rafah, goods and people smuggling to Gaza has thrived for years using the subterranean tunnels burrowed beneath the border. Just a few hundred metres away from the besieged strip, Rafah lives almost exclusively on the tunnels(***) economic activity, a more-or-less open secret. Daylife ID:
1356253664797
Photographer:
Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy ;*;Mosaab Elshamy
Image Source:
Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera ;*;Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Sinaihttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797en-usAl Jazeerafeedback@daylife.com10Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:07:45 GMTMon, 24 Dec 2012 08:45:55 GMT http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=066ve3R1R8fN5

 Bedouins are not allowed to officially own land, serve in the army or police, or profit from local tourism. Many locals cannot claim ownership of the ancestral lands their families and tribes have been using for centuries.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:14:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=066ve3R1R8fN5Mosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Bedouins are not allowed to officially own land, serve in the army or police, or profit from local tourism. Many locals cannot claim ownership of the ancestral lands their families and tribes have been using for centuries.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=06RF2rxfe0cYe

 A father and his son inspect damaged train station in Sinai. Armed militants looted and destroyed the Baluza train station in 2001.Since 2008 there's been no train transport to or from Sinai.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=06RF2rxfe0cYeMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 A father and his son inspect damaged train station in Sinai. Armed militants looted and destroyed the Baluza train station in 2001.Since 2008 there's been no train transport to or from Sinai.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0c8A9iHaUa1df

 In Baluza, in North Sinai. The checkpoint has been deserted ever since]  One of many police checkpoints that was attacked with heavy weaponry during the revolution by armed Bedouins.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0c8A9iHaUa1dfMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 In Baluza, in North Sinai. The checkpoint has been deserted ever since]  One of many police checkpoints that was attacked with heavy weaponry during the revolution by armed Bedouins.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0goU8GF7UcglB

 Hassan Al Akhrasi. one of the influential leaders of Akharsah tribes, and was an ex-member of the local committee in Baluza. Many Bedouins here feel marginalised and ignored. They complain they do not gain from government investment and economic development.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0goU8GF7UcglBMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Hassan Al Akhrasi. one of the influential leaders of Akharsah tribes, and was an ex-member of the local committee in Baluza. Many Bedouins here feel marginalised and ignored. They complain they do not gain from government investment and economic development.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=08SLh0p1mjcFd

 Construction of a resort in Morgana beach in Northern Sinai was underway before it was halted by the ex-governor during Mubarak era, in a step many residents say, was in favour of an ex-NDP (National Democratic Party) tycoon whose resorts in Arish might have been affected.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=08SLh0p1mjcFdMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Construction of a resort in Morgana beach in Northern Sinai was underway before it was halted by the ex-governor during Mubarak era, in a step many residents say, was in favour of an ex-NDP (National Democratic Party) tycoon whose resorts in Arish might have been affected.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=06mP4sW0uscjq

 The Sinai natural gas pipeline has been targeted more than a dozen times since the revolution. Militant Bedouins opposing the peace treaty and export of gas to Israel have staged numerous attacks on the pipeline that starts from the gates of this room and extends hundreds of kilometers in the desert.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=06mP4sW0uscjqMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 The Sinai natural gas pipeline has been targeted more than a dozen times since the revolution. Militant Bedouins opposing the peace treaty and export of gas to Israel have staged numerous attacks on the pipeline that starts from the gates of this room and extends hundreds of kilometers in the desert.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0en94XJcOD1rs

 Armed Bedouins have repeatedly taken the law into their own hands, settling old scores and attacking army checkpoints after Taba and Sharm el Sheikh explosions and the security's brutal response on the Bedouins.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:18:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0en94XJcOD1rsMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Armed Bedouins have repeatedly taken the law into their own hands, settling old scores and attacking army checkpoints after Taba and Sharm el Sheikh explosions and the security's brutal response on the Bedouins.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=014N1HpgWS8in

 The attacks intensified after the revolution, as there has been a rise in the flow of weapons into Sinai, mostly coming from Libya. Weapons also arrived through the tunnels connecting Egypt and Gaza, as well as smuggled weapons via Israel. Disarming militants from rival tribes remains the government’s greatest challenge.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:18:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=014N1HpgWS8inMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 The attacks intensified after the revolution, as there has been a rise in the flow of weapons into Sinai, mostly coming from Libya. Weapons also arrived through the tunnels connecting Egypt and Gaza, as well as smuggled weapons via Israel. Disarming militants from rival tribes remains the government’s greatest challenge.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=014v2cC91AcpW

 A child inspects a destroyed security building in Rafah, which was targeted by armed militants during the revolution.The iron-fist policy established by state security in the peninsula led to great frustration from Bedouins and resulted in violent attacks during the days of the uprising on most state buildings. State security officers who detained and tortured suspects fled for their lives, while others were killed.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=014v2cC91AcpWMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 A child inspects a destroyed security building in Rafah, which was targeted by armed militants during the revolution.The iron-fist policy established by state security in the peninsula led to great frustration from Bedouins and resulted in violent attacks during the days of the uprising on most state buildings. State security officers who detained and tortured suspects fled for their lives, while others were killed.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0eu17296JQ0KH

 In the town of Muqata'a,the remains of shelling and gunfire is evident on its buildings. The town is said to be a hotbed of Islamist militants who clashed with the army during Operation Eagle, which was launched after 16 soldiers were killed. As army operations in the peninsula continues, trenches and fortifications at check points at Al-Nasr, Al-Baluza and all the entrances and exits at Arish have become visible.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0eu17296JQ0KHMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 In the town of Muqata'a,the remains of shelling and gunfire is evident on its buildings. The town is said to be a hotbed of Islamist militants who clashed with the army during Operation Eagle, which was launched after 16 soldiers were killed. As army operations in the peninsula continues, trenches and fortifications at check points at Al-Nasr, Al-Baluza and all the entrances and exits at Arish have become visible.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0b5w9rucOeer9

 The Rafah church was targeted by gunmen during the revolution, and has been abandoned ever since with no repairs.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:17:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0b5w9rucOeer9Mosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Upload Images

 The Rafah church was targeted by gunmen during the revolution, and has been abandoned ever since with no repairs.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=00jB5aQeIz0UV

 Hateful messages were written on the walls of the church, which is the only one in the city.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:17:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=00jB5aQeIz0UVMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Hateful messages were written on the walls of the church, which is the only one in the city.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0gXQcBF2NRdu0

 Human Rights Watch released a report about a well-established trafficking network in Sinai that victimized hundreds, perhaps thousands, of sub-Saharan asylum seekers and migrants, most of them Eritreans. The traffickers imprison their victims in various locations in Sinai for weeks or months until their relatives abroad pay tens of thousands of dollars to secure their release.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:16:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0gXQcBF2NRdu0Mosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Human Rights Watch released a report about a well-established trafficking network in Sinai that victimized hundreds, perhaps thousands, of sub-Saharan asylum seekers and migrants, most of them Eritreans. The traffickers imprison their victims in various locations in Sinai for weeks or months until their relatives abroad pay tens of thousands of dollars to secure their release.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0c8Z0A2g9L8Ri

 In the border town of Rafah, goods (and personnel) smuggling to Gaza has thrived for years. Subterranean tunnels have long been burrowed beneath the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip, a key smuggling route for Palestinians unable to leave the territory. Just a few hundred meters away from the besieged strip, the town almost exclusively lives on the economic activity that is more or less, a public secret.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:17:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=0c8Z0A2g9L8RiMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 In the border town of Rafah, goods (and personnel) smuggling to Gaza has thrived for years. Subterranean tunnels have long been burrowed beneath the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip, a key smuggling route for Palestinians unable to leave the territory. Just a few hundred meters away from the besieged strip, the town almost exclusively lives on the economic activity that is more or less, a public secret.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=04I25Eo365cYh

 Children play in Rafah city.

Sun, 23 Dec 2012 09:17:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1356253664797?image_id=04I25Eo365cYhMosaab Elshamy Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Upload Images

 Children play in Rafah city.



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