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In Pictures: Oklahoma City bombing memorial
Visitors at site of 1995 tragedy talk about "terrorism" and how they feel toward the candidates in November's election.
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 08:15

Until Barack Obama visited the Keystone Pipeline on March 22, 2012, and stayed over in the capital, no sitting US president had spent the night in Oklahoma since 1992 - before the Oklahoma City attack that killed 168 people and wounded 700 others.

The bomb blast, considered an act of domestic terrorism, was the worst single instance of any type of terrorism in the US until the September 11, 2001, attacks.

The dead mostly included employees of the federal government who had just arrived in their offices for the start of the work day, as well as 19 children who were at a day-care centre on the building's second floor. The widespread destruction masterminded by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nicholes, in addition to the response by emergency teams across the region and beyond, became the main event in America's national consciousness associated with Oklahoma City.

The site's outdoor memorial was dedicated by President Bill Clinton in 2000, and then President George W Bush attended the museum dedication in 2001. Expansion of the current building has entered the planning stages, in advance of 20th anniversary ceremonies for 2015.

Al Jazeera spoke with some visitors about the memorial's symbolism, recollections from 17 years ago and the 2012 presidential election.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
The view from the 9:01 gate to the 9:03 gate, conceptually framing the Oklahoma City Memorial site at 9:02, the time on April 19, 1995, when a massive fertiliser bomb planted in a rental truck ripped through the Alfred P Murrah Federal Building.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Several locals pause at the reflecting pool, which stands where Fifth Street formerly crossed in front of the building. The grass-covered area to the south is where the actual building stood.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Chuck Yeager, a Vietnam War veteran visiting from Virginia, told Al Jazeera: "We should honour everyone that's sacrificed. This is what [we] have all fought for." He continued, "I don't really get into the politics, but [the attack here] was contrary to the beliefs of the American public."


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Jose Joglar, left, a logistics co-ordinator at an oil company in Houston, and his son Dereck, a high school student enrolled as a cadet in the Marines ROTC, visited for their first time. The father said of the Oklahoma City attack: "They tried to hit us as hard as they could, but we got up again."


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
"We are vulnerable," Joglar said, leaning over to touch the memorial stone for one of the victims. "And it doesn't have to be someone from the Middle East. There could be something right now, and boom, we're dead." He then added that he plans to vote Republican in 2016, after voting for Obama in 2012 to stabilise the economy.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Each chair, lined up in the "Field of Empty Chairs" according to the floors on which people died, represents one victim. Three people on active military duty perished in the attack, including an air force soldier on the first floor, and two members of the Marines on the sixth floor - one of whose wreathes is pictured.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Tiles created by schoolchildren across the US aimed to console local children with messages like "Healing the Heartland".


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Inside the museum, a list of the federal agencies which were housed in the former Murrah building include the US Postal Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Secret Service.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
The Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum holds a clock that stopped at the time of the blast and a broken pencil sharpener.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Photographs of the deceased victims are on display to visitors, in addition to exhibitions about rescue efforts, police investigation and survivor experiences.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Lola Davenport, left, Lisa Flores and Liza Charay say they will support Obama in the coming election. Davenport recalls being at her government office in Topeka, Kansas, when the bombing took place. "All the calculators stopped," she recalled. Charay, who was 14 at the time, said, "It makes me sad how easily people forget."


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
A group of Oklahoma residents gathers next to the "Survivor Tree", a century-old American Elm with a message that reads: "The spirit of this city and this nation will not be defeated; our deeply rooted faith sustains us."


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
Tom and Debbie Steinmetz, from Bonner Springs, Kansas, recall being on a tour of the White House in Washington DC on the day of the Oklahoma City attacks, and then on a tour of the FBI headquarters on the day that the primary suspect was confirmed to have been arrested. "All the agents were high-fiving each other," Debbie said.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
The Steinmetz's daughter has served time treating the wounded at US military hospitals in both Iraq and at Camp Bastion in Afghanistan. The "independent" couple did not state their voting preference for the presidential election but implied it was not the incumbent.


Ben Piven/Al Jazeera
The couple, who had purchased political "soda pop" nearby, described themselves as fiscally conservative and socially moderate, saying they would vote in November for the "best" candidate. Tom said he was "born and raised a Catholic Democrat" but that he resents the "culture of dependency on government".



images:
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captions:
The view from the 9:01 gate to the 9:03 gate, conceptually framing the Oklahoma City Memorial site at 9:02, the time on April 19, 1995, when a massive fertiliser bomb planted in a rental truck ripped through the Alfred P Murrah Federal Building.;*;Several locals pause at the reflecting pool, which stands where Fifth Street formerly crossed in front of the building. The grass-covered area to the south is where the actual building stood.;*;Chuck Yeager, a Vietnam War veteran visiting from Virginia, told Al Jazeera: "We should honour everyone that(***)s sacrificed. This is what [we] have all fought for." He continued, "I don(***)t really get into the politics, but [the attack here] was contrary to the beliefs of the American public.";*;Jose Joglar, left, a logistics co-ordinator at an oil company in Houston, and his son Dereck, a high school student enrolled as a cadet in the Marines ROTC, visited for their first time. The father said of the Oklahoma City attack: "They tried to hit us as hard as they could, but we got up again.";*;"We are vulnerable," Joglar said, leaning over to touch the memorial stone for one of the victims. "And it doesn(***)t have to be someone from the Middle East. There could be something right now, and boom, we(***)re dead." He then added that he plans to vote Republican in 2016, after voting for Obama in 2012 to stabilise the economy.;*;Each chair, lined up in the "Field of Empty Chairs" according to the floors on which people died, represents one victim. Three people on active military duty perished in the attack, including an air force soldier on the first floor, and two members of the Marines on the sixth floor - one of whose wreathes is pictured.;*;Tiles created by schoolchildren across the US aimed to console local children with messages like "Healing the Heartland".;*;Inside the museum, a list of the federal agencies which were housed in the former Murrah building include the US Postal Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Secret Service.;*;The Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum holds a clock that stopped at the time of the blast and a broken pencil sharpener.;*;Photographs of the deceased victims are on display to visitors, in addition to exhibitions about rescue efforts, police investigation and survivor experiences. ;*;Lola Davenport, left, Lisa Flores and Liza Charay say they will support Obama in the coming election. Davenport recalls being at her government office in Topeka, Kansas, when the bombing took place. "All the calculators stopped," she recalled. Charay, who was 14 at the time, said, "It makes me sad how easily people forget.";*;A group of Oklahoma residents gathers next to the "Survivor Tree", a century-old American Elm with a message that reads: "The spirit of this city and this nation will not be defeated; our deeply rooted faith sustains us.";*;Tom and Debbie Steinmetz, from Bonner Springs, Kansas, recall being on a tour of the White House in Washington DC on the day of the Oklahoma City attacks, and then on a tour of the FBI headquarters on the day that the primary suspect was confirmed to have been arrested. "All the agents were high-fiving each other," Debbie said.;*;The Steinmetz(***)s daughter has served time treating the wounded at US military hospitals in both Iraq and at Camp Bastion in Afghanistan. The "independent" couple did not state their voting preference for the presidential election but implied it was not the incumbent.;*;The couple, who had purchased political "soda pop" nearby, described themselves as fiscally conservative and socially moderate, saying they would vote in November for the "best" candidate. Tom said he was "born and raised a Catholic Democrat" but that he resents the "culture of dependency on government". Daylife ID:
1349665425962
Photographer:
Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven;*;Ben Piven
Image Source:
Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Oklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962Capital of the Sooner state commemorates the victims of the 1995 bomb attack.en-usAl Jazeerafeedback@daylife.com10Mon, 08 Oct 2012 03:03:44 GMTMon, 08 Oct 2012 03:55:39 GMTOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0bZTaodcpN8rtThe view from the 9:01 gate to the 9:03 gate, conceptually framing the Oklahoma City Memorial site at 9:02, the time on April 19, 1995, when a massive fertilizer bomb planted in a rental truck ripped through the Alfred P Murrah Federal Building.Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:02:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0bZTaodcpN8rtBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe view from the 9:01 gate to the 9:03 gate, conceptually framing the Oklahoma City Memorial site at 9:02, the time on April 19, 1995, when a massive fertilizer bomb planted in a rental truck ripped through the Alfred P Murrah Federal Building.Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=02nw2vxcUU4ui

Several locals pause at the reflecting pool, which stands where Fifth Street formerly crossed in front of the building. The grass-covered area to the south is where the actual building stood.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:02:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=02nw2vxcUU4uiBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Several locals pause at the reflecting pool, which stands where Fifth Street formerly crossed in front of the building. The grass-covered area to the south is where the actual building stood.

Oklahoma City Memorial
Oklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0bcXem71fA5VSChuck Yeager, a Vietnam War veteran visiting from Virginia, told Al Jazeera: "We should honour everyone that's sacrificed. This is what [we] have all fought for." He continued, "I don't really get into the politics, but [the attack here] was contrary to the beliefs of the American public."Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:02:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0bcXem71fA5VSBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesChuck Yeager, a Vietnam War veteran visiting from Virginia, told Al Jazeera: "We should honour everyone that's sacrificed. This is what [we] have all fought for." He continued, "I don't really get into the politics, but [the attack here] was contrary to the beliefs of the American public."Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=03EJbFM7No2L8Jose Joglar, left, a logistics co-ordinator at an oil company in Houston, and his son Dereck, a high school student enrolled as a cadet in the Marines ROTC, visited for their first time. The father said of the Oklahoma City attack: "They tried to hit us as hard as they could, but we got up again."Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:02:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=03EJbFM7No2L8Ben PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesJose Joglar, left, a logistics co-ordinator at an oil company in Houston, and his son Dereck, a high school student enrolled as a cadet in the Marines ROTC, visited for their first time. The father said of the Oklahoma City attack: "They tried to hit us as hard as they could, but we got up again."Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0cpQ9fzcF78Hu"We are vulnerable," Joglar said, leaning over to touch the memorial stone for one of the victims. "And it doesn't have to be someone from the Middle East. There could be something right now, and boom, we're dead." He then added that he plans to vote Republican in 2016, after voting for Obama in 2012 to stabilise the economy.Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:02:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0cpQ9fzcF78HuBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images"We are vulnerable," Joglar said, leaning over to touch the memorial stone for one of the victims. "And it doesn't have to be someone from the Middle East. There could be something right now, and boom, we're dead." He then added that he plans to vote Republican in 2016, after voting for Obama in 2012 to stabilise the economy.Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=04NI0tx1n637lEach chair, lined up in the "Field of Empty Chairs" according to the floors on which people died, represents one victim. Three people on active military duty perished in the attack, including an air force soldier on the first floor, and two members of the Marines on the sixth floor - one of whose wreathes is pictured.Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=04NI0tx1n637lBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesEach chair, lined up in the "Field of Empty Chairs" according to the floors on which people died, represents one victim. Three people on active military duty perished in the attack, including an air force soldier on the first floor, and two members of the Marines on the sixth floor - one of whose wreathes is pictured.Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00Qcbr1fxF1o4Tiles created by schoolchildren across the US aimed to console local children with messages like "Healing the Heartland".Sun, 07 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00Qcbr1fxF1o4Ben PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesTiles created by schoolchildren across the US aimed to console local children with messages like "Healing the Heartland".Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=016UgnE43a5C9Inside the museum, a list of the federal agencies which were housed in the former Murrah building include the US Postal Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Secret Service.Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=016UgnE43a5C9Ben PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesInside the museum, a list of the federal agencies which were housed in the former Murrah building include the US Postal Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Secret Service.Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0cqs65n9yhcp7

The Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum holds a clock that stopped at the time of the blast and a broken pencil sharpener.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0cqs65n9yhcp7Ben PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum holds a clock that stopped at the time of the blast and a broken pencil sharpener.

Oklahoma City Memorial
Oklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=095kdOz1GI82rPhotographs of the deceased victims are on display to visitors, in addition to exhibitions about rescue efforts, police investigation and survivor experiences. Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:04:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=095kdOz1GI82rBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesPhotographs of the deceased victims are on display to visitors, in addition to exhibitions about rescue efforts, police investigation and survivor experiences. Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00405dkf3Q25pLola Davenport, left, Lisa Flores and Liza Charay say they will support Obama in the coming election. Davenport recalls being at her government office in Topeka, Kansas, when the bombing took place. "All the calculators stopped," she recalled. Charay, who was 14 at the time, said, "It makes me sad how easily people forget."Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:04:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00405dkf3Q25pBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesLola Davenport, left, Lisa Flores and Liza Charay say they will support Obama in the coming election. Davenport recalls being at her government office in Topeka, Kansas, when the bombing took place. "All the calculators stopped," she recalled. Charay, who was 14 at the time, said, "It makes me sad how easily people forget."Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0aJE4JJbSlf48A group of Oklahoma residents gathers next to the "Survivor Tree" a century-old American Elm with a message that reads: "The spirit of this city and this nation will not be defeated; our deeply rooted faith sustains us."Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:04:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0aJE4JJbSlf48Ben PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesA group of Oklahoma residents gathers next to the "Survivor Tree" a century-old American Elm with a message that reads: "The spirit of this city and this nation will not be defeated; our deeply rooted faith sustains us."Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00P89KsaOc0prTom and Debbie Steinmetz, from Bonner Springs, Kansas, recall being on a tour of the White House in Washington DC on the day of the Oklahoma City attacks, and then on a tour of the FBI headquarters on the day that the primary suspect was confirmed to have been arrested. "All the agents were high-fiving each other," Debbie said.Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=00P89KsaOc0prBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesTom and Debbie Steinmetz, from Bonner Springs, Kansas, recall being on a tour of the White House in Washington DC on the day of the Oklahoma City attacks, and then on a tour of the FBI headquarters on the day that the primary suspect was confirmed to have been arrested. "All the agents were high-fiving each other," Debbie said.Oklahoma City MemorialOklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0alv0QN3Ig2Zj

The Steinmetz's daughter has served time treating the wounded at US military hospitals in both Iraq and at Camp Bastion in Afghanistan. The "independent" couple did not state their voting preference for the presidential election but implied it was not the incumbent.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=0alv0QN3Ig2ZjBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The Steinmetz's daughter has served time treating the wounded at US military hospitals in both Iraq and at Camp Bastion in Afghanistan. The "independent" couple did not state their voting preference for the presidential election but implied it was not the incumbent.

Oklahoma City Memorial
Oklahoma City Memorialhttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=08Z83YFffg7Bv

The couple, who had purchased political "soda pop" nearby, described themselves as fiscally conservative and socially moderate, saying they would vote in November for the "best" candidate. Tom said he was "born and raised a Catholic Democrat" but that he resents the "culture of dependency on government".

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 01:03:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1349665425962?image_id=08Z83YFffg7BvBen PivenAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The couple, who had purchased political "soda pop" nearby, described themselves as fiscally conservative and socially moderate, saying they would vote in November for the "best" candidate. Tom said he was "born and raised a Catholic Democrat" but that he resents the "culture of dependency on government".

Oklahoma City Memorial


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