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In Pictures: DR Congo crisis
Conflict has returned to the country's troubled North Kivu province, displacing more than 40,000 people.
Last Modified: 20 May 2012 10:25

Bunagana, DR Congo - Following three years of relative peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's North Kivu province, conflict has returned, forcing people out of their homes once more. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) had not registered a single refugee in Rwanda since early 2009. But since April 27 of this year, more than 8,000 people have fled to the burgeoning Nkamira transit camp just over the border in Rwanda.

The Congolese army has been engaged in battles with mutinous soldiers, former members of the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP), a rebel group that had been incorporated into the army in March 2009. The group's leader at that time - Bosco Ntaganda, who had been indicted by the International Criminal Court - was promoted to general in the army and was seen as an important figurehead for peace in the region.

More than 40,000 people are now displaced, including more than 8,000 in Rwanda and an estimated 10,000 in Uganda, following heavy fighting in the border town of Bunagana on the Congolese-Ugandan border.

As the conflict ebbs and flows around North Kivu, some return home as others are displaced, all living beside a strong military presence.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
On April 27, 2012, Congolese refugees began flowing across the Rwandan border, arriving at the Nkamira transit camp around 20km from the border town of Gisenyi.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
More than 8,000 people have fled into Rwanda since April 27, fleeing clashes between the Congolese armed forces and mutinous ex-CNDP soldiers. UNHCR had not registered a single Congolese refugee in Rwanda since early 2009.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The camp, originally intended as a transit camp for Rwandan returnees on their way home, has transformed into a burgeoning refugee camp.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Just three weeks ago, no one was permanently residing in the camp. Authorities struggled to provide shelter for the increasing numbers of Congolese refugees arriving over the border.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The refugees arrive with very little and rely on humanitarian aid to survive in the cold Rwandan hills.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Many of those arriving in Rwanda have fled their homes in the hills of Masisi district, traditionally a CNDP heartland. Mushaki experienced particularly heavy fighting as government forces ousted the mutineers.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
For those remaining in many towns in Masisi, such as Kitshanga, the streets are now populated by government forces, who have driven the mutineers into the Virunga National Park.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
By May 7, the CNDP had reached the Rwandan borderlands, forcing inhabitants of Kibumba to walk the 17km towards the provincial capital of Goma, under the shadow of the Nyangoro volcano.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
After several hours of walking, some of the displaced from Kibumba settled for the night at a school in Kibati on Goma's outskirts, with insufficient shelter and little food.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Families pooled whatever food they brought with them, cooking them on wood fires outside the school, unsure of when they could return to their homes.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The same day, under the protection of the Congolese Armed Forces, North Kivu's governor, Julien Paluku, visited towns and villages in Masisi to encourage people to return to their homes.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Kitshanga's town centre was filled with people listening to Governor Paluku saying that the army had defeated the rebels in the area. Paluku also introduced the new commander, replacing a predecessor who had defected.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The army claimed to have captured fifteen tons of arms "abandoned" by the rebels in Masisi as they fled into the Virunga National Park, presenting a sample to members of the press.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
By May 11, the fighting moved to the hills around Bunagana in Rutshuru district. The following day, many inhabitants of the area fled across the border into Uganda.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
For those that remain in the country, many, such as Juvenal Sabonipa, rely on the generosity of host families. Mr Sabonipa and his family are staying with Alfonse Katebera and his wife on Goma's outskirts, after fleeing their home in Kibumba.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The Congolese Armed Forces have been conducting operations in the hills of North Kivu near the town of Bunagana. Following an operation against M23 rebels, this truck moved positions during a heavy rainstorm.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Others across the border in Rwanda wait in the Nkamira camp, waiting to see whether this rebellion will endure, or if they can return to their homes.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Congolese Armed Forces soldiers move positions following an attack on an M23 rebel position in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near the town of Bunagana.


Follow Phil Moore on Twitter: @fil


images:
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captions:
On April 27, 2012, Congolese refugees began flowing across the Rwandan border, arriving at the Nkamira transit camp around 20km from the border town of Gisenyi.;*;More than 8,000 people have fled into Rwanda since April 27, fleeing clashes between the Congolese armed forces and mutinous ex-CNDP soldiers. UNHCR had not registered a single Congolese refugee in Rwanda since early 2009.;*;The camp, originally intended as a transit camp for Rwandan returnees on their way home, has transformed into a burgeoning refugee camp. ;*;Just three weeks ago, no one was permanently residing in the camp. Authorities struggled to provide shelter for the increasing numbers of Congolese refugees arriving over the border.;*;The refugees arrive with very little and rely on humanitarian aid to survive in the cold Rwandan hills.;*;Many of those arriving in Rwanda have fled their homes in the hills of Masisi district, traditionally a CNDP heartland. Mushaki experienced particularly heavy fighting as government forces ousted the mutineers.;*;For those remaining in many towns in Masisi, such as Kitshanga, the streets are now populated by government forces, who have driven the mutineers into the Virunga National Park.;*;By May 7, the CNDP had reached the Rwandan borderlands, forcing inhabitants of Kibumba to walk the 17km towards the provincial capital of Goma, under the shadow of the Nyangoro volcano.;*;After several hours of walking, some of the displaced from Kibumba settled for the night at a school in Kibati on Goma\(***)s outskirts, with insufficient shelter and little food.;*;Families pooled whatever food they brought with them, cooking them on wood fires outside the school, unsure of when they could return to their homes.;*;The same day, under the protection of the Congolese Armed Forces, North Kivu\(***)s governor, Julien Paluku, visited towns and villages in Masisi to encourage people to return to their homes.;*;Kitshanga\(***)s town centre was filled with people listening to Governor Paluku saying that the army had defeated the rebels in the area. Paluku also introduced the new commander, replacing a predecessor who had defected.;*;The army claimed to have captured fifteen tons of arms "abandoned" by the rebels in Masisi as they fled into the Virunga National Park, presenting a sample to members of the press.;*;By May 11, the fighting moved to the hills around Bunagana in Rutshuru district. The following day, many inhabitants of the area fled across the border into Uganda.;*;For those that remain in the country, many, such as Juvenal Sabonipa, rely on the generosity of host families. Mr Sabonipa and his family are staying with Alfonse Katebera and his wife on Goma\(***)s outskirts, after fleeing their home in Kibumba.;*;The Congolese Armed Forces have been conducting operations in the hills of North Kivu near the town of Bunagana. Following an operation against M23 rebels, this truck moved positions during a heavy rainstorm.;*;Others across the border in Rwanda wait in the Nkamira camp, waiting to see whether this rebellion will endure, or if they can return to their homes.;*;Congolese Armed Forces soldiers move positions following an attack on an M23 rebel position in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near the town of Bunagana. Daylife ID:
1337346649139
Photographer:
Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore
Image Source:
Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Thousands flee fighting in Congohttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congoen-usAl Jazeerafeedback@daylife.com10Fri, 18 May 2012 13:10:49 GMTFri, 18 May 2012 13:41:48 GMT http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=08GH5ys2J4fb0

On April 27, 2012, Congolese refugees began flowing across the Rwandan border, arriving at the Nkamira transit camp around 20km from the border town of Gisenyi.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=08GH5ys2J4fb0Phil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

On April 27, 2012, Congolese refugees began flowing across the Rwandan border, arriving at the Nkamira transit camp around 20km from the border town of Gisenyi.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=02uCb8o0xYcRA

Over 8,000 people have fled into Rwanda since April 27, fleeing clashes between the Congolese armed forces and mutinous ex-CNDP soldiers. UNHCR had not registered a single Congolese refugee in Rwanda since early 2009.

Fri, 18 May 2012 13:14:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=02uCb8o0xYcRAPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Over 8,000 people have fled into Rwanda since April 27, fleeing clashes between the Congolese armed forces and mutinous ex-CNDP soldiers. UNHCR had not registered a single Congolese refugee in Rwanda since early 2009.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0fT377DfUXfvV

The camp, originally intended as a transit camp for Rwandan returnees on their way home, has transformed into a burgeoning refugee camp.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0fT377DfUXfvVPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The camp, originally intended as a transit camp for Rwandan returnees on their way home, has transformed into a burgeoning refugee camp.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=018n4rb8ZxbB7

Just three weeks ago, no one was permanently residing in the camp. Authorities struggled to provide shelter for the increasing numbers of Congolese refugees arriving over the border.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=018n4rb8ZxbB7Phil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Just three weeks ago, no one was permanently residing in the camp. Authorities struggled to provide shelter for the increasing numbers of Congolese refugees arriving over the border.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0akA60r1Ga7WJThe refugees arrive with very little and rely on humanitarian aid to survive in the cold Rwandan hills.Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0akA60r1Ga7WJPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe refugees arrive with very little and rely on humanitarian aid to survive in the cold Rwandan hills. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0fXqarPf5e1WAMany of those arriving in Rwanda have fled their homes in the hills of Masisi district, traditionally a CNDP heartland. Mushaki experienced particularly heavy fighting as government forces ousted the mutineers.Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0fXqarPf5e1WAPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesMany of those arriving in Rwanda have fled their homes in the hills of Masisi district, traditionally a CNDP heartland. Mushaki experienced particularly heavy fighting as government forces ousted the mutineers. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0eWM3Nc2PD8ph

For those remaining in many towns in Masisi, such as Kitshanga, the streets are now populated by government forces, who have driven the mutineers into the Virunga National Park.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0eWM3Nc2PD8phPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

For those remaining in many towns in Masisi, such as Kitshanga, the streets are now populated by government forces, who have driven the mutineers into the Virunga National Park.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=04XIbgg7NBaSF

By May 7, the CNDP had reached the Rwandan borderlands, forcing inhabitants of Kibumba to walk the 17km towards the provincial capital of Goma, under the shadow of the Nyangoro volcano.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=04XIbgg7NBaSFPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

By May 7, the CNDP had reached the Rwandan borderlands, forcing inhabitants of Kibumba to walk the 17km towards the provincial capital of Goma, under the shadow of the Nyangoro volcano.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0f399PNcB9bCoAfter several hours of walking, some of the displaced from Kibumba settled for the night at a school in Kibati on Goma's outskirts, with insufficient shelter and little food.Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0f399PNcB9bCoPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesAfter several hours of walking, some of the displaced from Kibumba settled for the night at a school in Kibati on Goma's outskirts, with insufficient shelter and little food. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0dlvbSE7i64uaFamilies pooled whatever food they brought with them, cooking them on wood fires outside the school, unsure of when they could return to their homes.Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0dlvbSE7i64uaPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesFamilies pooled whatever food they brought with them, cooking them on wood fires outside the school, unsure of when they could return to their homes. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0ady1Qn8UU7Ge

The same day, under the protection of the Congolese Armed Forces, North Kivu's governor, Julien Paluku, visited towns and villages in Masisi to encourage people to return to their homes.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0ady1Qn8UU7GePhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The same day, under the protection of the Congolese Armed Forces, North Kivu's governor, Julien Paluku, visited towns and villages in Masisi to encourage people to return to their homes.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=06E22TY0OY3b8

Kitshanga's town centre was filled with people listening to Governor Paluku saying that the army had defeated the rebels in the area. Paluku also introduced the new commander, replacing a predecessor who had defected.

Fri, 18 May 2012 13:15:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=06E22TY0OY3b8Phil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Kitshanga's town centre was filled with people listening to Governor Paluku saying that the army had defeated the rebels in the area. Paluku also introduced the new commander, replacing a predecessor who had defected.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0aZobON83z5XhThe army claimed to have captured fifteen tons of arms "abandoned" by the rebels in Masisi as they fled into the Virunga National Park, presenting a sample to members of the press.Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=0aZobON83z5XhPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe army claimed to have captured fifteen tons of arms "abandoned" by the rebels in Masisi as they fled into the Virunga National Park, presenting a sample to members of the press. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=06sU3pc5iwcdz

By May 11, the fighting had moved to the hills around Bunagana in Rutshuru district, with the rebels taking Runyonyi and some surrounding settlements. The following day, many inhabitants of the area fled across the border into Uganda. Some 10,000 people are now believed to have crossed the border.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=06sU3pc5iwcdzPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

By May 11, the fighting had moved to the hills around Bunagana in Rutshuru district, with the rebels taking Runyonyi and some surrounding settlements. The following day, many inhabitants of the area fled across the border into Uganda. Some 10,000 people are now believed to have crossed the border.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=00YJ2VWe1i17t

For those that remain in the country, many, such as Juvenal Sabonipa, rely on the generosity of host families. Mr Sabonipa and his family are staying with Alfonse Katebera and his wife on Goma's outskirts, after fleeing their home in Kibumba.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=00YJ2VWe1i17tPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

For those that remain in the country, many, such as Juvenal Sabonipa, rely on the generosity of host families. Mr Sabonipa and his family are staying with Alfonse Katebera and his wife on Goma's outskirts, after fleeing their home in Kibumba.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=04i23T21MQ44Y

The Congolese Armed Forces have been conducting operations in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near to the town of Bunagana. Following an operation conducted against M23 rebels, this truck moved positions during a heavy rainstorm.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=04i23T21MQ44YPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The Congolese Armed Forces have been conducting operations in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near to the town of Bunagana. Following an operation conducted against M23 rebels, this truck moved positions during a heavy rainstorm.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=00TUas618A6Iu

Others across the border in Rwanda wait in the Nkamira camp, waiting to see whether this rebellion will endure, or if they can return to their homes.

Fri, 18 May 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=00TUas618A6IuPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Others across the border in Rwanda wait in the Nkamira camp, waiting to see whether this rebellion will endure, or if they can return to their homes.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=03v1e3D0jq3jH

Congolese Armed Forces soldiers move positions following an attack on an M23 rebel position in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near the town of Bunagana.

Fri, 18 May 2012 13:13:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/Thousands-flee-fighting-in-Congo?image_id=03v1e3D0jq3jHPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Congolese Armed Forces soldiers move positions following an attack on an M23 rebel position in the hills of North Kivu, nestled between the Congolese borders with Rwanda and Uganda, near the town of Bunagana.



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