[QODLink]
Human Rights

UN gravely concerned over Iraq crisis

As new "caliphate" declared in Diyala, UN voices concern over rights violations such as beheadings and abductions.

Last updated: 01 Jul 2014 04:54
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
According to aid agencies approximately 1.2 million people have been displaced in Iraq due to fighting. [Al Jazeera]

The deepening crisis in Iraq with over one million fleeing their homes and the rising number of civilian deaths has provoked grave concern within the United Nations. 

In a statement released on Monday UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon said he was "deeply troubled by persistent reports of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law taking place in Iraq."

Violations have included summary executions of captured soldiers and detainees, indiscriminate shelling of civilian areas, and the abduction and murder of members of ethnic and religious communities.

The fighters have allegedly posted more than a dozen videos showing beheadings and shootings of combat soldiers and police officers, as well as apparent targeting of people based on their religion or ethnicity, including Shia and minority groups such as Turcomans, Shabak, Christians, and Yezidis.

In a recently released report, the UN Assistance Mission in the country and the UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR) cited alleged abuses by both the Iraqi Security Forces and the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). 

New "caliphate"

The statement comes as the group Sunni armed group,  ISIL, now named the Islamic State, announced the establishment of a "caliphate" straddling Syria and Iraq, urging other groups to pledge allegiance.

In an audio recording released on Sunday, the group formerly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declared its chief, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, "the caliph" and "leader for Muslims everywhere".

An official document was also released, in English and several other languages describing Baghdadi as "the sheikh, the fighter, the scholar who practices what he preaches, the worshipper, the leader, the warrior, the reviver, descendant from the family of the Prophet, the slave of God".

The document urged Muslims to "gather around your caliph, so that you may return as you once were for ages, kings of the earth and knights of war."

Al Jazeera's Imran Khan, reporting from Baghdad, said that a caliphate was effectively an Islamic republic led by one leader, regardless of national boundaries.

He added however that Sunni groups which have fought with the Islamic State group in Iraq have yet to pledge allegiance.

With continued violence at least 1,300 people were killed in Iraq, and another 1,250 injured since 5 June in fighting in Nineveh, Salah al-Din and Diyala alone, according to UNAMI and OHCHR. At least 900 of the people killed were civilians.

In addition, an estimated 1.2m Iraqis have been displaced by fighting, including from Anbar and Ninewa governorates, according to the UN Refugee Agency 

464

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
UNHCR says hundreds of people trapped in Yaloke town risk death if they are not evacuated to safety urgently.
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Featured
Long-standing dispute over Christian use of the word 'Allah' raises concerns about a very un-Merry Christmas.
The threat posed by ISIL has prompted thousands of young Kurds to join the PKK.
Baja California - with its own grim history of disappeared people - finds a voice in the fight against violence.
Russian feminist rockers fight system holding 700,000 - the world's largest per capita prison population after the US.
Weeks of growing protests against Muslims continue in Dresden with 15,000 hitting the streets last Monday.