A day earlier the company said it would suspend US sales of eight models, including the top-selling Camry, to fix or replace faulty gas pedals that could get stuck.

Last week, Toyota issued a recall for the same eight models, affecting 2.3 million vehicles, which it said had problems related to worn pedal mechanisms that increase friction in certain conditions and can cause the accelerator to stick.

'Engineering probe'

On Wednesday Mike Michels, a Toyota spokesman, said the company was not in a position to discuss the mechanics of the pedal and the possible causes of the problem "because the engineering investigation is ongoing".

Toyota recall: US models affected

 Avalon - model for years 2005 to present

Camry – 2007-2010 model

 Tundra - 2007-2010 model

 Sequoia - 2008-2010 model

 Highlander – 2008-2010 model

 RAV4 - 2009-2010 model

 Corolla – 2009-2010 model

 Matrix - 2009-2010 model


 Venza – 2009-2010 model

 Pontiac Vibe - 2009-2010 model

Meanwhile Ray LaHood, the US transportation secretary, told Chicago-based WGN Radio that government regulators had asked Toyota to stop production of affected models while it investigated the problem.

Toyota has informed safety regulators that it will consider modifying or replacing accelerator pedals, or modifying vehicle floors on some models.

"Initially, dealers will be instructed on how to reshape the accelerator pedal for the repair," the company said in a notification to the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

"As replacement parts...become available, they will be made available to the dealers."

CTS Corp, the supplier of the accelerator pedals at the centre of the crisis, said late on Wednesday it had a fix for the safety issue and had begun to ship redesigned parts to Toyota factories.

Toyota is also halting production at six plants in the United States and Canada for the first week of February.

The company said its decision to shut down production next week would idle about 14,000 workers.

Financial fallout

Mike Goss, a Toyota spokesman, said those workers would remain employed and would work on plant improvements while assembly lines are shut down.

"It's a devastating blow to Toyota and Toyota's reputation"

Dennis Virag,
Automotive Consulting Group

"Toyota's got the resources to bounce back from this, but this is the biggest crisis that they have ever faced, and Ford and Hyundai and others are coming on strong," said Jim Ziegler, an auto dealer consultant in Atlanta.

On the Tokyo stock exchange Toyota shares fell 1.8 per cent on Thursday, after falling by more than four per cent a day earlier as concern deepened about the knock-on effects from the recall.

Analysts said the financial damage to Toyota from the recalls would depend on how long it has to shut production on key models and how badly consumer confidence is shaken.

"It's a devastating blow to Toyota and Toyota's reputation," said Dennis Virag, the president of the Automotive Consulting Group.

"Toyota is the new General Motors in terms of experiencing quality glitches, over-expansion and the proliferation of new product models."