According to Uzbekistan's emergency situations ministry an Uzbekistan Airways aeroplane crashed due to poor weather while trying to land near Tashkent on Thursday.
The ministry said in a statement read out on state television: "It lost control and carried out an emergency landing outside the grounds of the airport. As a result 15 people were killed - two members of the crew and 13 soldiers."
It was not immediately clear whether anyone on board the small Antonov-2 had survived.
The crash happened near an airfield in the Urta-Chirchik district of Tashkent province while the civilian plane was carrying out a military training flight, the ministry said.
The Uzbek government has set up a commission to investigate the incident, the ministry added.
The defence and interior ministries and the prosecutor general's office are also investigating the crash.