Timeline: Nepal's political turmoil
As Nepal prepares to hold municipal elections, Maoist rebels accuse the King of using the poll to consolidate power since he assumed total power a year ago.
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2006 14:07 GMT
King Gyanendra has faced repeated protest since seizing power
As Nepal prepares to hold municipal elections, Maoist rebels accuse the King of using the poll to consolidate power since he assumed total power a year ago.
Here is a chronology of the main events in Nepal's turbulent struggle for democracy.

1991: Multiparty democracy is established in Nepal.

February 1996: The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) begins the Nepalese People's War in the west of the country.

June 2001: Crown Prince Dipendra guns down his parents King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya and seven other members of the royal family before turning the gun on himself. He dies two days later without regaining consciousness but under Nepalese law, was king during that time. His brother Gyanendra accedes to the throne.

2002: King Gyanendra sacks the government led by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba for failing to quell the Maoist rebellion.

June 2004: Deuba is reappointed as prime minister.


1 February: King Gyanendra sacks the government again and assumes total power initially for three years, appointing a new cabinet loyal to the Monarchy.

3 February: The King bans all dissent on his decision to assume power.

14 February: Maoist rebels begin a two week nationwide road blockade in protest against the King's seizure of power. Extra troops are ordered to police highways.

1 March: At least 70 Maoist rebels and four members of Nepal's security force are killed during fierce fighting.

20 March: 149 political activists are arrested across Nepal for holding anti-king protests.

8 April: 50 Maoist rebels are killed as 500 activists are arrested during pro-democracy rallies.

30 April: Gyanendra lifts the state of emergency he imposed upon seizure of power.

10 August: Maoists accused of blowing up a bus, killing at least 53 people, most of them civilians.

3 September: Maoists announce a three month unilateral ceasefire.

September: Police arrest hundreds of pro-democracy protestors. Activists vow to continue their campaign to restore democracy.

Extra army troops on the streets
are a common sight

15 December: A soldiers kills 12 civilians after a row with villagers causing an alliance of the country's seven main political parties to call for a general strike in Kathmandu.

16 December: Shops, schools and public transport come to a standstill as citizens obey call for a general strike.



2 January: Maoist rebels officially end a four-month truce and blasts rock several towns only hours after.

6 January: Louise Arbour, the UN human rights commissioner, urges rebels and government forces to stop fighting.

12 January: Around 150,000 people take part in the largest anti-monarchy rally to date.

20 January: Thousands of troops are stationed in Kathmandu  to enforce a curfew designed to prevent a further anti-democracy rally, backed by Maoist rebels.

22 January: Hundreds of political activists are detained by police amid calls from the main political parties for a further strike.

1 February: Amnesty International calls on Gyanendra to release nearly 900 activists held in the run-up to the first anniversary of his seizure of power.

5 February: Maoists order a seven-day general strike, one of the longets ever by the rebels.
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
More than one-quarter of Gaza's population has been displaced, causing a humanitarian crisis.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Muslim charities claim discrimination after major UK banks began closing their accounts.
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
US drones in Pakistan have killed thousands since 2004. How have leaders defended or decried these deadly planes?
Residents count the cost of violence after black American teenager shot dead by white Missouri police officer.
EU's poorest member state is struggling to cope with an influx of mostly war-weary Syrian refugees.
Study says tipping point reached as poachers kill 7 percent of African elephants annually; birth rate is 5 percent.
Zimbabwe's leader given rotating chairmanship of 15-member nation bloc a year after he won disputed presidential polls.
join our mailing list