[QODLink]
Archive
Turkey: Armenia forum goes ahead
Turkey's press has called a conference on the massacres of Armenians 90 years ago a victory for democracy, but nationalists called it a betrayal of the nation.
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2005 13:03 GMT
Protesters haggled with delegates outside the conference
Turkey's press has called a conference on the massacres of Armenians 90 years ago a victory for democracy, but nationalists called it a betrayal of the nation.

But the conference on Sunday almost never convened.

Twice cancelled due to the acute sensitivity of the Armenian question, it has been billed as a litmus test for freedom of expression in Turkey.

Nationalist demonstrators hurled eggs and tomatoes at participants as they arrived at Istanbul's private Bilgi University to discuss claims that Ottoman Turks committed
genocide against Armenians during and after World War I.

Taboo destroyed

Protesters waved Turkish flags and chanted slogans accusing the conference participants of betraying the nation.

Gul(L): Turks are at peace with
themselves and their history

But the mere fact that the conference had gone ahead prompted strong praise from local media.

"Another taboo is destroyed. The conference began but the day of judgement did not come," said the Milliyet daily.

The liberal Radikal newspaper took a similar line.

"Even the word 'genocide' was uttered at the conference, but the world is still turning and Turkey is still in its place," its front-page headline said.
  
"Free discussion, free protest," said Turkey's top-selling Hurriyet newspaper, noting that both conference participants and demonstrators were freely expressing their opinions.

Blame

Armenia and its supporters around the world say about 1.5 million Armenians perished in a systematic genocide committed by Ottoman Turkish forces between 1915 and 1923.

Ankara accepts that many Armenians were killed on Turkish soil, but says they were victims of a partisan conflict that claimed even more Turkish Muslim lives as the Ottoman Empire was collapsing. It denies any genocide.
 

The conference was twice
cancelled due to sensitivities

In a message to the conference, Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul expressed Turkey's official view that many citizens of the Ottoman Empire suffered terribly during the war, but that claims of an Armenian genocide were false and politically motivated.

"The Turkish people are at peace with themselves and with their history," Gul said.

Deniz Baykal, leader of Turkey's main opposition Republican People's Party, said on Sunday he thought the conference was too one-sided in its approach to the Armenian issue, but he defended the right of academics to debate freely.

Criticism

The conference had originally been scheduled for May but was cancelled after a government minister accused those backing Armenian genocide claims of "stabbing Turkey in the back".

"Even the word 'genocide' was uttered at the conference, but the world is still turning and Turkey is still in its place" 

Radikal newspaper headlin

After a storm of criticism from the EU and elsewhere, the government agreed to let the conference go ahead, but a last-minute court order prevented it from opening on Friday, to Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan's acute embarrassment.

The organisers then circumvented the court ban by moving the two-day conference to a third venue, Bilgi University. It opened on Saturday to noisy nationalist protests.

Despite a flurry of EU-inspired liberal reforms in recent years, promoting certain interpretations of Turkish history can still be deemed a criminal offence under the revised penal code.
 
Turkey is due to begin EU entry talks on 3 October, though it is not seen as joining the bloc before 2015 at the earliest. 

Source:
Reuters
Topics in this article
People
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
The author argues that in the new economy, it's people, not skills or majors, that have lost value.
Colleagues of detained Al Jazeera journalists press demands for their release, 100 days after their arrest in Egypt.
Mehdi Hasan discusses online freedoms and the potential of the web with Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales.
A tight race seems likely as 814 million voters elect leaders in world's largest democracy next week.
Featured
Since independence, Zimbabwe has faced food shortages, hyperinflation - and several political crises.
After a sit-in protest at Poland's parliament, lawmakers are set to raise government aid to carers of disabled youth.
A vocal minority in Ukraine's east wants to join Russia, and Kiev has so far been unable to put down the separatists.
Iran's government has shifted its take on 'brain drain' but is the change enough to reverse the flow?
Deadly attacks on anti-mining activists in the Philippines part of a global trend, according to new report.
join our mailing list