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Key events after al-Hariri's killing
Lebanon questioned three former pro-Syrian security chiefs on Tuesday over the murder of five-time prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri.
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2005 15:23 GMT
A massive car-bomb blast killed Rafiq al-Hariri in February
Lebanon questioned three former pro-Syrian security chiefs on Tuesday over the murder of five-time prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri.

The following are the key events since the killing:

February


14: Al-Hariri, a billionaire businessman who also had Saudi nationality, is killed in a massive bomb blast on the Beirut seafront that also kills another 19 people.

 

- Syrian President Bashar al-Assad condemns it as an "odious crime".


- The Lebanese opposition blames the government and its Syrian backers for the murder and calls for a withdrawal of Syrian troops who first deployed in 1976 shortly after the start of the Lebanese civil war.

15: The UN Security Council asks Secretary-General Kofi
Annan for an urgent report into the assassination and presses Syria to pull out its estimated 14,000 troops.

16: Al-Hariri is buried in Beirut in a funeral that turns into a massive public protest against Syria, the first of many.

24: Syria says it is ready to withdraw troops from Lebanon in line with the 1989 Taif accord that paved the way for the end of the civil war.

28: Prime Minister Omar Karameh tenders his resignation as tens of thousands of opposition demonstrators rally.

March

5: Al-Assad says Syria will pull back all its troops to the border but does not set a timetable for a full withdrawal.

8: About 6000 Syrian troops begin redeploying towards the Bekaa, as Lebanon's pro-Syrian camp led by Hizb Allah stages a massive show of force at a rally by 400,000 demonstrators in Beirut.

23: Three people are killed in one of a series of bombings.

April

7: UN Security Council sets up an inquiry into al-Hariri's assassination after a fact-finding mission blames Syria for tension in Lebanon preceding the attack but does not speculate who killed him.


- Syria begins final phase of troop pullout.

15: Pro-Syrian businessman Nagib Miqati is named prime minister.

26: The last Syrian soldier crosses border.

May

7: Christian nationalist Michel Aoun returns from 15 years' exile in France.

13: Violence flares on border with Israel, with Israel launching air raids in south Lebanon and reportedly destroying Hizb Allah positions after rocket attacks near the disputed Shebaa Farms.

23: UN verifies that Syria has "fully" withdrawn its troops.

29: First round of elections won by alliance led by al-Hariri's son Saad al-Hariri.

June

2: Prominent anti-Syrian journalist Samir Kassir is killed in a Beirut car bombing.

5: Hizb Allah and Amal coalition wins second round of elections

12: Aoun and his supporters take most seats in third round of election.

19: Saad al-Hariri's electoral lists win final round, giving him and his allies a parliamentary majority.

21: Former Communist Party leader George Hawi is killed when his car blows up in Beirut.

28: Amal leader Nabih Berri, from the pro-Syrian camp, re-elected parliament speaker.

 

30: Anti-Syrian former finance minister Fuad Siniora is named to head the first government of the post-Syria era.

July

12: Defence Minister Elias Murr is wounded and two other people are killed in a car-bomb attack in Beirut.

18: Parliament pardons Samir Geagea, the leader of a wartime Christian militia who had been serving a life sentence since 1994.

19: Siniora announces the formation of a new 24-member government including a Hizb Allah member serving as energy minister

August

25: The Security Council calls on Syria to cooperate fully with the international investigation into Rafiq al-Hariri's murder.

 

30: The head of Lebanon's Presidential Guard, Mustafa Hamdan, and three former pro-Syrian security chiefs are turned over to the international commission under arrest warrants. 

Source:
AFP
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