Hundreds of soldiers and police officers were guarding sensitive locations in the tense city on the edge of the Sahara desert on Saturday, where politically charged fighting between Sunnis and Shia has killed about a dozen people over the past two months.
"I was told that nine people directly connected with the arson attack (on Friday night) were arrested at the site, and there have been a lot more arrests this morning," Sokoto State government spokesman Mustapha Shehu said.
He did not have a specific number of arrests, and police could not immediately be contacted.
"Lots of security measures have been taken. There is a heavy presence of armed police and soldiers in all strategic places all over Sokoto now," Shehu said.
The government had deployed about 500 additional troops and riot police on Friday to guard key areas of the city during the Muslim day of prayer, but the reinforcements failed to deter Sunni activists from burning the government office.
Sunni activists, enraged that their leader was arrested for instigating violence earlier in the week, also torched 25 cars in the government compound on Friday night and tried to set fire to a radio station, although troops stopped them.
The arson attacks came a day after Sunni fighters armed with machetes killed a Shia man at his home, prompting the region's religious authority, the sultan of Sokoto, to appeal to Sunni and Shia leaders to help quell the violence.
Nigeria is split evenly between
Christians and Muslims
Religious, ethnic and communal conflicts have killed more than 20,000 Nigerians since the nation of 140 million people returned to democracy six years ago. Nigeria is split about evenly between Christians in the south and Muslims in the north.
In Sokoto, the dispute began over doctrinal differences between Shia and Sunnis and access to the central mosque, but State Governor Attahiru Bafarawa has said politically motivated fighters were stoking the conflict.
Bafarawa, who belongs to an opposition party, says members of Nigeria's ruling People's Democratic Party have instigated violence, and he has written to President Olusegun Obasanjo to complain.
The Sunni governor's stance that Shia should have access to Sokoto's central mosque has made him unpopular with some Sunnis.
A letter has been circulating in Sokoto since Monday in which Shia are threatened with attacks unless they leave town or renounce their faith at the central mosque. Worshippers say at least 200 Shia have done so.