As a senior visiting fellow, Anwar will present seminars on contemporary Southeast Asian politics, economic reform, Islam and democracy, the US university said.
He is currently working on his prison diaries to be published later this year and a project examining democratisation in the Muslim world, said Felisa Klubes, spokeswoman for the university's school of advanced international studies.
"He also will counsel students who wish to learn more about Southeast Asia and the Muslim world," she added.
Anwar will be attached to the foreign policy institute of the university's school of advanced international studies.
Anwar, who enjoyed close ties with Washington when he was in government, was heir apparent to then-prime minister Mahathir Mohamad before being jailed for six years for alleged corruption involving abuse of power.
He was freed last September after a separate sodomy conviction was overturned.
He and human rights groups maintained the charges were trumped up to prevent him from challenging Mahathir, an allegation denied by the former leader.
Barred from holding public office until 2008 under laws governing convicted criminals, Anwar has been cagey about his political plans.