The Israeli army confirmed the incident on Friday, saying that the rocket hit the tank and injured two of its crew.
In a statement, al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the resistance movement the Islamic Jihad, claimed responsibility for the attack.
In a separate development, a Palestinian resistance fighter wounded earlier this month during the Israeli operation in the Gaza Strip died of his injuries on Saturday, medics said.
Muhammad al-Ili, 20, belonged to al-Aqsa Martyr Brigades, a group loosely affiliated to Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat's mainstream Fatah organisation.
He was wounded by an Israeli tank shell in the Jabalya refugee camp on 6 October.
Reporting as Israel announced a scaling back of its operation, Days of Penitence, in Gaza, Aljazeera correspondent Wail al-Dahduh said Palestinians in Jabalya were now surveying the damage inflicted by the Israeli invasion.
The army is withdrawing from
Palestinian residential areas
Israeli troops did not spare a well, a mosque, a house or a government building. The scene is terrible, al-Dahduh said.
Until now the Israeli military operation has not achieved its goal of making this area a secure zone or preventing the launching of the resistance rockets, he added.
The Israeli army began redeploying on Friday evening away from Palestinian residential areas without officially calling an end to the operation Days of Penitence.