Chechnya's four-year conflict with Russia

Chechnya's president, Akhmad Kadyrov, was killed in a bomb attack in the republic's capital Grozny on Sunday.

    Scores were injured in the latest attack in Grozny

    Here is a chronology of the key dates in the four-year long conflict with Russia:

    1999

    Oct 1: Russian forces enter Chechnya for the first time since the end of the 1994-1996 war, forcing the rebels to abandon almost a third of the country.

    Oct 29: 50 people are killed as refugees fleeing towards Ingushetia are bombed.

    Nov 12: Russian forces take the second Chechen town of Gudermes without resistance.

    Nov 25: Start of the battle for Grozny, defended by 2000 separatists.

    2000

    Feb 1: The rebels say they are withdrawing from Grozny, followed five days later by an announcement by Russian President Vladimir Putin that the Chechen capital has been liberated.

    Feb 11: Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov calls an all-out guerrilla war.

    Feb 23: Human Rights Watch says more than 60 civilians were massacred in Grozny earlier in the month.

    Feb 29: Russian forces seize Shatoi the last major rebel stronghold in the southern mountains.

    June 8: Putin places Chechnya under direct presidential administration and names former mufti Akhmad Kadyrov as the leader of the pro-Russian administration.

    2001

    Jan 22: Putin gives the Russian security services, the former KGB, control of operations in Chechnya. 

    More than 40 people died in a bomb
    attack on a Russian train

    April 14: Putin makes his first visit to Chechnya since his election in March.

    July: Russian prosecutors open an inquiry into a suspected "abuse of power" by Russian forces, as Putin acknowledges "irregularities" and "abuses" by the army.

    Nov 19: First direct talks between envoys from Putin and Maskhadov, but the negotiations end without result.

    Dec 30-Jan 1: More than 200 killed in a Russian operation east of Grozny

    2002

    Aug 19: A Russian Mi-26 helicopter is shot down by rebels, killing 121 people.

    Oct 24: Rebels take hundreds of people hostage in a Moscow theatre and demand an end to Russian military operations in Chechnya. A total of 130 civilians and 41 Chechen guerrillas die in the rescue operation.

    Dec 27: About 80 people are killed when rebels drove two explosives-packed vehicles into the Chechen administration headquarters, destroying Russia's symbolic seat of power there.

    2003

    March 26: Nearly 90 percent of people in Chechnya vote in favour of rule from Moscow in a referendum even though hopes of ending the decade-long separatist conflict appear as remote as ever.

     Chechen separatists were killed
    after taking hostages in a theatre

    April 2: The Council of Europe calls for the creation of an international tribunal to try war crimes committed in Chechnya.

    May 14: A suicide attack on a government building in Chechnya kills 60 people, one of the deadliest single attacks since conflict between separatist rebels and federal troops broke out.

    May 16: Another suicide bomb attack carried out by a woman during a religious parade in Chechnya kills 18. Akhmad Kadyrov, who was present, survives.

    July 5: Suicide attack on a rock concert kills 20 people in Moscow.

    July 25: Russian army colonel receives a 10-year prison sentence for killing an Chechen teenage girl in Chechnya.

    Oct 5: Akhmad Kadyrov elected president of Chechnya in controversial poll, winning over 80 percent of the vote.

    Dec 5: More than 40 people die in a bomb attack on a Russian commuter train just north of Chechnya.

    2004

    Feb 6: A powerful bomb rips through a packed Moscow subway train during the morning rush hour, killing 41 people.

    May 9: Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a blast in a stadium in Grozny. At least 31 others are killed and dozens of others injured.

    SOURCE: AFP


    YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

    Death at the dinner table

    Death at the dinner table

    Blake Sifton was born to a family of funeral directors. He explores the prevalence of mental illness in the profession.

    Assessing Trump: Is the president fit for office?

    Assessing Trump: Is the president fit for office?

    Experts discuss President Trump's mental state - and his effect on others.

    Why did Raila Odinga withdraw from the election rerun?

    Why did Raila Odinga withdraw from the election rerun?

    Odinga's withdrawal will not make Uhuru Kenyatta president. But it will give more time to prepare for the new vote.