Life before and after sanctions

History may have never recorded a harsher and more inhuman regime of sanctions than those imposed on Iraq in the name of the UN. It obliterated people's lives and crippled their economy. The following figures attest to that heart-breaking reality beyond any doubt.

    Health

    Hospital beds:

    Before sanctions: 1.9/100

    After sanctions:  1.4/100

     

    Life expectancy:

    Before sanctions: 65 years

    After sanctions:  59 years

     

    Infant mortality:

    Before sanctions: 80/1000

    After sanctions:  104/1000

     

    Major causes of death:

    Before Sanctions: The leading causes were circulatory diseases, injury, poisoning, cancer, and congenital anomalies.
    Hospitals were free and there were 9000 doctors.

    After Sanctions:  Since 1990, increased mortality has been attributed to deprivation of medical care and malnutrition especially among children and other vulnerable population groups following the imposition of UN sanctions.

    Education

    Adult literacy rate:

    Before sanctions: 89%

    After sanctions:  58%

     

    Student enrollment:

    Before sanctions:
      Primary School: 99%
      Secondary School: 47%
      Number of School Buildings: 9460

    After sanctions:
      Primary School: 80%
      Secondary School: 31%
      Number of School Buildings: 7572

     

    Education status:

    Before sanctions: Public education was free and compulsory at all levels.

    After sanctions:  UNICEF estimated that only 10% of Iraq's needs for education could be met by the Oil for Food Programme.

     

    Food

    Calory intake:

    Before sanctions: 3400 calories per day (The highest in the region at that time)
    Two thirds of Iraq's food was imported.

    After sanctions:  2268 calories per day
    94% of the FAO recommended minimum requirement

     

    Undernourishment:

    Before sanctions: 4%

    After sanctions: 27%

     

    Water and Sanitation

    Access to safe water:

    Before sanctions:
      Urban: 100%
      Rural: 72%

    After sanctions:
      Urban: 85%
      Rural: 48%

     

    Access to sanitation:

    Before sanctions:
      Urban: 96%
      Rural: 18%

    After sanctions:
      Urban: 79%
      Rural: 31%

     

    Electricity

    Production

    :

    Before sanctions: Unknown

    After sanctions: KWh27.3 billion

     

    Consumption

    Before sanctions: Unknown

    After sanctions: KWh25.389 billion

     

    Communication

    Telephone lines in use:

    Before sanctions: 462,000

    After sanctions: 675,000

     

    Internet service provider

    Before sanctions: Unknown

    After sanctions: One ISP for 12,500 users

     

    Television & radio

    Before sanctions: Unknown

    After sanctions: 13 TV broadcast stations, 3 radio stations

     

    Go back:

    Special Report

    SOURCE: Aljazeera


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