The Ulchi Freedom Guardian military exercises involving thousands of American and South Korean troops are to begin on Monday. North Korea views the drills as a highly provocative rehearsal for an invasion.
Combative rhetoric between the nations has spiked after Pyongyang tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in July that appeared to bring much of the US within range, sparking an intense warning by President Donald Trump that Washington could rain "fire and fury" on the North.
Pyongyang then threatened to fire a salvo of missiles towards the US territory of Guam - a plan that leader Kim Jong-un last week delayed, but warned could go ahead depending on Washington's next move.
"The joint exercise is the most explicit expression of hostility against us, and no one can guarantee that the exercise won't evolve into actual fighting," said an editorial carried by North Korea's official Rodong Sinmun newspaper.
"The Ulchi Freedom Guardian joint military exercises will be like pouring gasoline on fire and worsen the state of the peninsula," the paper said.
Warning of an "uncontrollable phase of a nuclear war" on the peninsula, it added: "If the US is lost in a fantasy that war on the peninsula is at somebody else's doorstep far away from them across the Pacific, it is far more mistaken than ever."
Seoul and Washington have said the largely computer-simulated war game, which dates back to 1976, will go ahead as planned but did not comment on whether the drills would be scaled back in an effort to ease tensions.
About 17,500 US troops will participate in this year's drills - a cutback from last year - according to numbers provided by Seoul's defence ministry.
But South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported the allies were mulling scrapping an initial plan to bring in two aircraft carriers to the peninsula to take part in the drill.
South Korea's top military officer said Sunday the current security situation on the peninsula was "more serious than at any other time" amid North Korea's growing nuclear and missile threats, and warned Pyongyang of merciless retaliation against any attack.
"If the enemy provokes, [our military] will retaliate resolutely and strongly to make it regret bitterly," said General Jeong Kyeong-doo, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in his inauguration speech.
Dozens of South Koreans protested against the joint drill in front of the US embassy in Seoul demanding peace on the Korean Peninsula. At least four people were arrested, local media reported.
Source: News agencies